Georgian: A Structural Reference Grammar
The Caucasus for its size can boast more languages than any other region on earth. Of the 40 or so native tongues Georgian is the most widely spoken (by up to 5 million, of whom 3 million are ethnic Georgians). With its own unique script, Georgian has been written since the 4th century and has a rich literature of all genres. Outside Georgia, however, it has remained virtually unknown and unstudied, its grammatical intricacies being discussed by a small but ever growing succession of foreign specialists. The present work represents the first Reference Grammar of this challenging language to appear in English and is the summation of 20 years of intensive study by its author.
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1st or 2nd 1st person 2nd person 3rd person plural 3rd person singular Active Participle adjective Adverbial agreement-affix Aorist Indicative Aorist Subjunctive bipersonal brma circumfix conjugation copula Dative direct ERGATIVE ert-i example expression formation Future Indicative Future Participle Future Sub-Series Genitive Georgian language give Illrd Subjunctive Imperfect Indicative indirect object Indirect Verb Intransitive kal-i KEGL killed language Locative Version ma-s marker markerless Masdar meaning Medial Verbs Mingrelian monopersonal my-AGR Neutral Version normal noun Objective Version Old Georgian paradigm particle Past Participle pattern person singular subject Pluperfect postposition prefixal Prešent Present Indicative Present Sub-Series Present Subjunctive preverb Privative Participle pronoun quotes ra-s rd Subjunctive Root Verbs screeves Series 11 Shanidze shew Stative syncopating synonym tav-i tav-s Tbilisi Thematic Suffix eb Transitive Verb tvis u+nd+a u+pr+o variable arguments variant verb-form verbal versioniser VOCATIVE whilst X/them to Y/them XDAT you(Pl