The Archaeology of Race: The Eugenic Ideas of Francis Galton and Flinders Petrie
How much was archaeology founded on prejudice? The Archaeology of Race explores the application of racial theory to interpret the past in Britain during the late Victorian and Edwardian period. It investigates how material culture from ancient Egypt and Greece was used to validate the construction of racial hierarchies. Specifically focusing on Francis Galton's ideas around inheritance and race, it explores how the Egyptologist Flinders Petrie applied these in his work in Egypt and in his political beliefs. It examines the professional networks formed by societies, such as the Anthropological Institute, and their widespread use of eugenic ideas in analysing society.
Archaeology of Race draws on archives and objects from the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology and the Galton collection at UCL. These collections are used to explore anti-Semitism, skull collecting, New Race theory and physiognomy. These collections give insight into the relationship between Galton and Petrie and place their ideas in historical context.
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African Akhenaten Amarna Amelia Edwards ancient Egypt ancient Egyptian Anthropological anthropometric antiquity argued artistic BAAS Britain British Museum casts civilization classical collection considered context cultural deﬁning depiction Drower Dynasty early Edwards Egyptian Egyptian Archaeology Elliot Smith eugenic thinking European evidence example excavation exhibition face Figure ﬁgures ﬁndings ﬁnds ﬁnished ﬁrst Flinders Petrie Francis Galton Galton Archive groups Hereditary Genius human remains Huxley Iacobs ideas identiﬁed Iewish illustrates inﬂuenced inheritance intellectual Iohn Karl Pearson Karnak Kingsley Knox’s Late Period lecture lews London measurements Medinet Habu Memphis Mitanni modern monuments Museum of Egyptian Naqada National Gallery Nefertiti nineteenth century ofthe Old Testament Palestine Petrie Museum Petrie to Galton Petrie’s Petrie’s Racial physical political proﬁle Ptolemaic Period Pyramid Races ofMen Racial Photographs racial types reading reﬂected Richard Westmacott Robert Knox Royal Sayce scientiﬁc sculpture Semitic skulls social Society Surgeons theories Tiye tomb University College London