World Order

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Penguin, Sep 9, 2014 - Political Science - 432 pages
3 Reviews
“Dazzling and instructive . . . [a] magisterial new book.” —Walter Isaacson, Time
 
Henry Kissinger offers in World Order a deep meditation on the roots of international harmony and global disorder. Drawing on his experience as one of the foremost statesmen of the modern era—advising presidents, traveling the world, observing and shaping the central foreign policy events of recent decades—Kissinger now reveals his analysis of the ultimate challenge for the twenty-first century: how to build a shared international order in a world of divergent historical perspectives, violent conflict, proliferating technology, and ideological extremism.

There has never been a true “world order,” Kissinger observes. For most of history, civilizations defined their own concepts of order. Each considered itself the center of the world and envisioned its distinct principles as universally relevant. China conceived of a global cultural hierarchy with the emperor at its pinnacle. In Europe, Rome imagined itself surrounded by barbarians; when Rome fragmented, European peoples refined a concept of an equilibrium of sovereign states and sought to export it across the world. Islam, in its early centuries, considered itself the world’s sole legitimate political unit, destined to expand indefinitely until the world was brought into harmony by religious principles. The United States was born of a conviction about the universal applicability of democracy—a conviction that has guided its policies ever since.

Now international affairs take place on a global basis, and these historical concepts of world order are meeting. Every region participates in questions of high policy in every other, often instantaneously. Yet there is no consensus among the major actors about the rules and limits guiding this process or its ultimate destination. The result is mounting tension.

Grounded in Kissinger’s deep study of history and his experience as national security advisor and secretary of state, World Order guides readers through crucial episodes in recent world history. Kissinger offers a unique glimpse into the inner deliberations of the Nixon administration’s negotiations with Hanoi over the end of the Vietnam War, as well as Ronald Reagan’s tense debates with Soviet Premier Gorbachev in Reykjavík. He offers compelling insights into the future of U.S.–China relations and the evolution of the European Union, and he examines lessons of the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Taking readers from his analysis of nuclear negotiations with Iran through the West’s response to the Arab Spring and tensions with Russia over Ukraine, World Order anchors Kissinger’s historical analysis in the decisive events of our time.

Provocative and articulate, blending historical insight with geopolitical prognostication, World Order is a unique work that could come only from a lifelong policy maker and diplomat.
 

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I had never read a Henry Kissinger book before, but now I understand why he is considered one of the great experts on world diplomacy. The first few chapters make clear he's taking a very thorough and methodical approach to explaining the history of diplomacy and the concept of "world order". The book is as much as a history lesson as a work designed to enlighten readers as to the various mechanisms that drive diplomacy. The book can be tedious at times. However, after the first few chapters, I found myself settling into the cadence of Kissinger's presentation of global regional history. The book is long on analysis, and seems to suggest diplomacy is generally carried out, and rewarded, in incremental terms, even when those increments are set in motion by revolutionary change. If you are looking for a forecast as to the direction the world might head today, there's some interesting perspective in the book. But the book stands out more for it's view of historical diplomacy and the lessons that can be learned from it. 

Contents

The Question of World Order
Europe The Pluralistic International Order
The European BalanceofPower System and
Islamism and the Middle East A World in Disorder
The United States and Iran Approaches to Order
The Multiplicity of Asia
Toward an Asian Order Confrontation
Acting for All Mankind The United States and
The United States Ambivalent Superpower
Technology Equilibrium and Human
World Order in Our Time?
Index
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About the author (2014)

HENRY KISSINGER served as National Security Advisor and then Secretary of State under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford and has advised many other American presidents on foreign policy. He received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the Medal of Liberty, among other awards. He is the author of numerous books on foreign policy and diplomacy and is currently the chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., an international consulting firm.

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