Voices of the Plains Cree
University of Regina Press, 1995 - History - 130 pages
Edward Ahenakew (1885-1961), a "second generation" reserve Cree, was a university graduate, Anglican minister, and director of mission work in Saskatchewan. He recorded Cree traditions and stories and sought to set down the feelings of Indians at a pivotal moment in history. This book has two parts. Part I presents stories of Chief Thunderchild (Kapitikow), recorded in 1923. Thunderchild is known for resisting Treaty 6 of 1876, insisting on one school for every reserve. An introduction to the stories describes the role of old men as advisors and repositories of history, traditions, and knowledge. Thunderchild's stories and remembrances tell of a hard winter, Indian laws, war with the Blackfoot, truce-making and truce-breaking, buffalo hunts, wanton slaughter of buffalos to get hides for trade, encounters with grizzly bears, a faithless woman, the first man, the Sun Dance, prayers for rain, and Thunderchild's admonition that his people prepare for a long and difficult journey of survival. In part II, Ahenakew created a fictional character, "Old Keyam," to interpret the outlook of Indians who had reached a certain stage in acquiring "Canadian civilization.""Keyam" means "What does it matter?" or "I do not care!" and so expresses the attitude of many Indians bewildered in the maze of change and hiding their keen sense of defeat under the assumed demeanor of "keyam!" The voice of Ahenakew, Old Keyam tells of reservation life in the early 20th century, reflecting on Cree legends, the shift from hunting to farming, freedom and Indian resistance to White domination, Christian intolerance toward Indian religious beliefs and practices, the role of women, the need for education, deficiencies of boarding schools, Indian versus Canadian law, and the right to vote. Includes photographs and the text of the Treaty (Number Six) signed at Forts Carlton and Pitt. (SV).
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
Anglican Archdeacon asked band Battleford began Big Bear bishop Blackfoot Blood boarding school brother buffalo bush camp Canada Carlton chase Chief Thunderchild Chochena Christian Church concem Cree syllabics Crowfoot Diocese Edward Ahenakew Emmanuel College encampment father ﬁght ﬁghting ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁnished ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁve Fort Carlton Fort Pitt Frog Lake give Govemment headmen hill horses Hudson’s Bay Company hunters hunting inﬂuence killed knew land League leamed Little Pine live lodge look Majesty’s Matheson Métis mission missionary moming never night northem Old Keyam Onion Lake Pine’s Pitt Plains Cree Poundmaker Poundmaker’s prairie race reserve retumed river Sandy Lake Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Archives Board shouted signed speak spoke Stoney stories Sun Dance talk teepee tell tent things told took Treaty Treaty Six tribe tumed wanted Warriors watched We-ti-ko white man’s winter woman women Woods Cree yell young