Trends and Policy Challenges in the Rural Economy: Four Provincial Case Studies
Examining the economic survival strategies of rural South Africans, this study sheds light on their experiences in respect to four areas of activity: employment in commercial agriculture, small-scale agriculture, non-farm micro-enterprise, and participation in government projects. Four provincial case studies—Limpopo, Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal—form the basis of the report, which looks at the challenges facing public policies that address poverty.
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40 per cent activities agricultural labour market areas average Bella Vista businesses Cape Town cash cent of households Ceres Ceres survey commercial farming community members cultivation deciduous deciduous fruit decline Dendron Dihlophaneng externalisation farm management farm workers farmers Figure food security former homeland Gender Grabouw harvest hectare household income household member households reported housing income quintile increased indicated Khayelitsha KwaZulu-Natal labour absorption labour contractors Labour Force Survey labour-only land Lebowa Limpopo Limpopo Province maize micro-enterprise sector month Mount Frere district Mount Frere residents Mthethwa off-farm on-farm Paarl paid employment percentage permanent labour permanent workers PLAAS study policies Polokwane production Programme projects province provincial case studies reﬂect relationships respondents rural economy rural households rural micro-enterprise sample seasonal Self-employed significant numbers significantly small-scale agriculture social grants source of food South Africa Statistics South Africa subsistence temporary labour Toit trends Umzumbe underground economy Western Cape wine women