The Science Question in Feminism
"Can science, steeped in Western, masculine, bourgeois endeavors, nevertheless be used for emancipatory ends? In this major contribution to the debate over the role gender plays in the scientific enterprise, Sandra Harding pursues that question, challenging the intellectual and social foundations of scientific thought. Harding provides the first comprehensive and critical survey of the feminist science critiques, and examines inquiries into the androcentricism that has endured since the birth of modern science. Harding critiques three epistemological approaches: feminist empiricism, which identifies only bad science as the problem; the feminist standpoint, which holds that women's social experience provides a unique starting point for discovering masculine bias in science; and feminist postmodernism, which disputes the most basic scientific assumptions. She points out the tensions among these stances and the inadequate concepts that inform their analyses, yet maintains that the critical discourse they foster is vital to the quest for a science informed by emancipatory morals and politics." -- Publisher description.
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activities African analysis androcentric appear argues assumptions behavior beliefs biological century Chapter claims cognitive conceptual schemes contemporary created critiques culture dichotomies distinctive distorted division of labor dogmas of empiricism domination emergence empiricism European explain feminine feminism feminist criticisms feminist science feminist standpoint feminist theory Flax fundamental gender identity gender politics gender symbolism goals Hartsock history of science human identify individual intellectual internalist issues kind knowledge knowledge-seeking labor by gender logic Longino and Doell male masculine mathematical men's metaphors models modern science moral and political natural sciences object-relations objective observation ontologies origins perspective philosophy of science physics postmodernism postmodernist practices problematic problems produced projects racist reasons role science's scientific enterprise scientific inquiry scientific method scientific world view sex differences sexist sexual social relations social sciences social structure society standpoint epistemologies struggle studies successor science theorists thought traditional understanding value-neutral Western world view