The limits to growth: the 30-year update
In 1972, three scientists from MIT created a computer model that analyzed global resource consumption and production. Their results shocked the world and created stirring conversation about global 'overshoot,' or resource use beyond the carrying capacity of the planet. Now, preeminent environmental scientists Donnella Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and Dennis Meadows have teamed up again to update and expand their original findings inThe Limits to Growth: The 30 Year Global Update. Meadows, Randers, and Meadows are international environmental leaders recognized for their groundbreaking research into early signs of wear on the planet. Citing climate change as the most tangible example of our current overshoot, the scientists now provide us with an updated scenario and a plan to reduce our needs to meet the carrying capacity of the planet. Over the past three decades, population growth and global warming have forged on with a striking semblance to the scenarios laid out by the World3 computer model in the originalLimits to Growth. While Meadows, Randers, and Meadows do not make a practice of predicting future environmental degradation, they offer an analysis of present and future trends in resource use, and assess a variety of possible outcomes. In many ways, the message contained inLimits to Growth: The 30-Year Updateis a warning. Overshoot cannot be sustained without collapse. But, as the authors are careful to point out, there is reason to believe that humanity can still reverse some of its damage to Earth if it takes appropriate measures to reduce inefficiency and waste. Written in refreshingly accessible prose,Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Updateis a long anticipated revival of some of the original voices in the growing chorus of sustainability.Limits to Growth: The 30 Year Updateis a work of stunning intelligence that will expose for humanity the hazy but critical line between human growth and human development.
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Technology Markets and Overshoot
Transitions to a Sustainable System
Tools for the Transition to Sustainability
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agricultural assume Aurelio Peccei average behavior birth rates carbon dioxide carrying capacity CFCs chapter chemicals chlorine Chlorofluorocarbons climate change computer model consumer consumption cost decades decline delays demographic transition depletion Development Earth ecosystem efficiency emissions energy environment environmental erosion example exponential growth factors feedback loops fertility figure fish food production forest fossil fuels future global goals growth rate hectares Herman Daly human ecological footprint human economy human welfare increase industrial capital industrial output investment land yield less Limits to Growth mental models metals million hectares Montreal Protocol natural nonrenewable resources overshoot and collapse ozone hole ozone layer PCBs percent physical planet population and capital population growth possible problems real world recycling reduce rise Scenario 9 sector simulated soil sources and sinks species stratosphere structure sustainable society throughput tion tons twenty-first century United Nations waste World Population World3 model