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alternating current amperes arma armature shaft arranged attached axle battery binding post bobbins bolted brake brushes carried cent chine circuit commutator conductor conduit connected construction copper core counter-electromotive force curve Daft Depoele Deprez diameter direction disc driving dynamo effect efficiency elec electric locomotive electric motor electric railway electro-magnet electromotive force elevated employed energy engine experiments feet field magnets gear grade Gramme Gramme machines heat horse power inches increased insulated iron latter lever load locomotive machine magnetic field maximum means mechanical ment miles miles per hour millimetres motion ohms operation passengers passing placed pole pieces position pounds pulleys rail regulating resistance reversed revolutions revolutions per minute revolving rheostat ring road rotation screw segments shown in Fig shunt side Siemens speed spring steam street switch telpherage tion track train ture varying volts weight wheel wire wound
Page 269 - ... action is entirely independent of the speed — that is, as far as the location of the poles is concerned — a continuous pull is exerted upon the periphery of the armature. In many respects these motors are similar to the continuous current motors. If load is put on, the speed, and also the resistance of the motor, is diminished and more current is made to pass through the energizing coils, thus increasing the effort. Upon the load being taken off, the counter-electromotive force increases...
Page 269 - In motors of the synchronous type it is desirable to maintain the quantity of the shifting magnetism constant, especially if the magnets are not properly subdivided. To obtain a rotary effort in these motors was the subject of long thought. In order to secure this result it was necessary to make such a disposition that while the poles of one element of the motor are shifted by the alternate currents of the source, the poles produced upon the other element should always be maintained in the proper...
Page 274 - ... through these tubes so as to raise them to redness. Suppose that by a flat screen symmetrically placed across the face of this bundle of tubes and covering one-half of them, access of the heated air to the tubes beneath it is prevented. Then It follows that If this screen be so adjusted that its ends are equidistant from the two legs of the magnet, the bundle of tubes will not rotate about the axis, since the cooler and magnetic portions of the tube-bundle...
Page 145 - ... which interrupts the electric circuit, and cuts off the power when the speed becomes too high ; secondly, there is a brake which is brought into action should the speed attain a still higher value. To avoid the formation of a permanent electric arc when the circuit is broken, the governor (Fig. 2) is so arranged that the diverging weights are in unstable equilibrium between two stops — they fly out at about 1700 revolutions per minute of the motor, and fly back at about 1600.
Page 265 - ... twofold; firstly, it reverses the currents through the motor, and secondly, it effects, automatically, a progressive shifting of the poles of one of its magnetic constituents. Assuming, therefore, that both of the useless operations in the system, that is to say, the directing of the alternate currents on the generator and reversing the direct currents on the motor, be eliminated, it would still be necessary, in order to cause a rotation of the motor, to produce a progressive shifting of the...
Page 20 - Seven halts were made, occupying in all forty minutes. But, notwithstanding these hindrances and delays, the trip to and from Bladensburg was accomplished in one minute less than two hours. The cells were made of light earthenware, for the purpose of experiment merely, without reference to durability. This part of the apparatus could therefore easily be guarded against mishap. The great point established was, that a locomotive on the principle of Professor Pane, could be made to travel nineteen miles...
Page 20 - Bladensburg, a distance of about five miles and a quarter, was reached in thirty-nine minutes. When within two miles of that place, the power of the battery being fully up, the locomotive began to run, on nearly a level plane, at the rate of nineteen miles an hour, or seven miles faster than the greatest speed heretofore attained.
Page 260 - B3, wound on a core of sheet-iron discs. The commutator short-circuits the armature coils in succession in the proper positions to utilize the repulsive effect set up by the currents which are induced in them by the alternations in the field coils. The motor has no dead point and will start from a state of rest and give out considerable power, but with what economy is not yet known.
Page 265 - In no way does it affect the internal working of the machines. In reality, therefore, all machines are alternate current machines, the currents appearing as continuous only In the external circuit during their transit from generator to motor. In view simply of this fact, alternate currents would commend...
Page 264 - ... the following have been mentioned: 1. A series motor with subdivided field. 2. An alternate current generator having its field excited by continuous currents. 3. Elihu Thomson's motor. 4. A combined alternate and continuous current motor. Two more motors of this kind have suggested themselves to me. 1. A motor with one of its circuits in series with a transformer and the other in the secondary of the transformer. 2. A motor having its armature circuit connected to the generator and the field...