The Physics of Particle Detectors
This text provides a comprehensive introduction to the physical principles and design of particle detectors, covering all major detector types in use today. The book begins with a reprise of the size and energy scales involved in different physical processes. It then considers non-destructive methods, including the photoelectric effect, photomultipliers, scintillators, Cerenkov and transition radiation, scattering and ionisation and the use of magnetic fields in drift and wire chambers. A complete chapter is devoted to silicon detectors. In the final part of the book, the author discusses destructive measurement techniques including Thompson and Compton scattering, Bremsstrahlung and calorimetry. Throughout the book, emphasis is placed on explaining the physical principles on which detection is based, and showing, by considering appropriate examples, how those principles are best utilised in real detectors. This approach also reveals the limitations that are intrinsic to different devices. Exercises and detailed further reading lists are included.
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Size energy cross section
IIB Scattering and ionization
IIC Position and momentum
Radiation and photon scattering
IIIB Energy measurements
The complete set of measurements
Glossary of symbols
acceleration angular distribution Appendix approximation assumed beam behavior Bremsstrahlung cable calorimeter calorimetry Cerenkov radiation Chapter charged particle collision Compton Compton scattering Compton wavelength constant critical energy cross section decay defined delta ray density depth derived detection devices diode dipole drift velocity electric field electromagnetic electron emission emitted energy deposited energy loss equation error example factor Fermilab fluctuations fraction frequency function g/cm hadronic high energy physics impact parameter interaction kinematics kinetic energy lead magnetic field mass mean free path measurement medium minimum ionizing motion multiple scattering muons neutron noise non-relativistic Note nuclear nucleus pair production path length photoelectric effect photon energy pions plot pulse quadrupole quantum quarks radiation length radius recoil relativistic sampling scattering angle scintillator shower maximum shown in Fig signal square stochastic Table thermal tion track trajectory transition radiation typical units vector voltage wave wavelength wire chamber