The People of Glengarry: Highlanders in Transition, 1745-1820
Marianne McLean explores the relationship between economic changes in the Highlands and the clansmen's emigration to Canada in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. She challenges the currently accepted position endorsed in recent works by Eric Richards and J.M. Bumsted that the clearances and sheep farms did not have a central role in provoking mass emigration. While McLean does not argue that landlords forced people to leave, she uses local evidence to show that the economic changes brought about by these factors led many Highlanders to emigrate. Using a wide array of published and unpublished sources, McLean examines in detail nine group emigrations that left western Inverness between 1785 and 1802 for Glengarry County in Upper Canada (now Ontario). She describes how, once in North America, they built a new Highland community in an attempt to ensure each family's access to the land. By revealing the pattern of Highland emigration to Glengarry County - families and friends leaving and/or settling together - McLean confirms Bernard Bailyn's notion of a "provincial emigrant stream," and offers a convincing explanation for the development of one of Canada's "limited identities."
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Western Invernessshire 17701800
The Loyalist Emigrants
The 17851793 Emigrants
The Peace of Amiens Emigrants
The Post1815 Emigrants
Other editions - View all
1786 emigrants 1790 emigrants 1802 emigrants Aberchalder acres agricultural Alexander McDonell Allan Annexed Estates Archibald arrived assisted emigrants Bailyn's Barisdale Bishop Blairs Papers Cameron Campbell cattle Charlottenburgh Charlottenburgh Township chief clan Clan MacLeod clansmen clearances clergy reserves Collachie colonial concession of Lancaster Crown departure districts Donald Duncan economic Eigg eighteenth century emigrant groups emigrant party emigration to Glengarry families Father Alexander Gaelic Garry Glenelg Glengarry County Glengarry emigrants Glengarry estate Glengarry settlement Glengarry's grants Highland Clearances Highland community Highland emigrants ibid improvement John Macdonell Kilmallie Knoydart landlords large number located Loch Loch Arkaig Lochiel Lochiel estate lots Loyalists Macdonald Macdonell's McGillis McLennan McLeod McMillan McPhee Muniall Murlaggan officers parish passengers petition population Quebec Ranald reached Glengarry reel regiment rent River Roderick Scotland Scottish Scotus settled in Glengarry settlers sheep farming social tenants townships traditional UCLP Upper Canada wadsetters western Inverness William
Page 270 - Fighting Men of a Highland Catholic Jacobite Clan Who Fought in Canada to Gain It for and Preserve It to the Crown and for the Honour of the Name of Glengarry. Toronto: RG McLean, 1912. Flinn, Michael. "Malthus, Emigration and Potatoes in the Scottish Northwest, 1770-1870," in Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History, 1600-1900, LM Cullen and TC Smout, eds.