The Kurgan Culture and the Indo-Europeanization of Europe: Selected Articles from 1952 to 1993
On the Origins of North Indo-EuropeansThe Indo-Europeans ? Archaeological ProblemsThe Relative Chronology of Neolithic and Chalcolithic Cultures in Eastern Europe North of the Balkan Peninsula and the Black SeaProto-Indo-European Culture ? The Kurgan Culture During the Fifth, Fourth, and Third Millenium B.C.Old Europe c. 7000-3500 B.C. ? The Earliest European Civilization Before the Infiltration of the Indo-European PeoplesThe Beginnings of the Bronze Age of Europe and the Indo-Europeans 3500-2500 B.C.An Archeaologists View of *PIE in 1975The First Wave of Eurasian Steppe Pastoralists into Copper Age EuropeThe Three Waves of the Kurgan People into Old Europe, 4500-2500 B.C.The Kurgan Wave #2 (c.3400-3200 B.C.) into Europe and the Following Transformation of CulturePrimary and Secondary Homeland of the Indo-Europeans, Comments on Gamkrelidze-Ivanov ArticlesRemarks on the Ethnogenesis of the Indo-Europeans in EuropeAccounting for a Great ChangeReview of Archaeology and Language by C. RenfrewThe Collision of Two IdeologiesThe Fall and Transformation of Old Europe.
Archeological Problems 127
The Earliest European
IndoEuropeans 35002500 B C
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4th millennium BC agricultural Anatolia animal appeared archaeological axes Baden Balkan Baltic barrows basin beginning Black Sea bones Bronze Age Bulgaria burial Caucasus cemetery central Europe centuries chronology civilization complex contained continued copper Corded Cucuteni Dacia daggers Danube domesticated earliest early east eastern elements evidence excavated expansion flint Germanic Gimbutas Globular Amphora graves groups hillforts horse houses Hungary important included indicate Indo-European Italy known Kurgan culture languages Late later linguistic lower lower Dnieper male materials middle millennium BC names Neolithic North Pontic northern Old Europe Old European origin period phase pits population Pottery present probably Proto-Indo-European radiocarbon dates region remains represented River Romania Russia settlements social southern Srednij Stog steppe stone structure studies symbols Table term territories tombs tradition Tripolye upper villages Volga Wave weapons western