The History of Basque
Basque is the sole survivor of the very ancient languages of Western Europe. This book, written by an internationally renowned specialist in Basque, provides a comprehensive survey of all that is known about the prehistory of the language, including pronunciation, the grammar and the vocabulary. It also provides a long critical evaluation of the search for its relatives, as well as a thumbnail sketch of the language, a summary of its typological features, an external history and an extensive bibliography.
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adjectives adverbs allocutive ancient appears Aquitanian Araba aspiration attested auxiliary Azkue Basque language Basque word Basque-speaking Bizkaia borrowed calque Castilian century Chapter cited clusters common compound conﬁned consonant contrast dative deﬁnite derived dialects dictionary diphthongs eastern varieties edun egin ergative etymology evidence example ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁrst ﬁrst element formation French Basque Country frequent genitive gerund Gipuzkoa gizon he/she hence Iberian identiﬁed ikusi indeﬁnite Indo-European inﬂected inﬂuence initial intervocalic intransitive izan language Lapurdian large number lexical items linguistics loan from Latin loan words locative meaning medieval Michelena modern Basque morph morpheme morphology nasal Navarre non-ﬁnite nouns Occitan occur origin palatal participle personal names phonological place names plosives plural postpositions Pre-Basque preﬁx pronouns proposed rhotic Romance sibilant signiﬁcant Spanish sufﬁx suﬂix surnames syllable texts toponyms transitive verb usually variant Vascones vasconists verb-forms verbal voiced voiceless plosives vowel western word-formation word-initial Zuberoan