The Body of the Artisan: Art and Experience in the Scientific Revolution
Since the time of Aristotle, the making of knowledge and the making of objects have generally been considered separate enterprises. Yet during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the two became linked through a "new" philosophy known as science. In The Body of the Artisan, Pamela H. Smith demonstrates how much early modern science owed to an unlikely source-artists and artisans.
From goldsmiths to locksmiths and from carpenters to painters, artists and artisans were much sought after by the new scientists for their intimate, hands-on knowledge of natural materials and the ability to manipulate them. Drawing on a fascinating array of new evidence from northern Europe including artisans' objects and their writings, Smith shows how artisans saw all knowledge as rooted in matter and nature. With nearly two hundred images, The Body of the Artisan provides astonishingly vivid examples of this Renaissance synergy among art, craft, and science, and recovers a forgotten episode of the Scientific Revolution-an episode that forever altered the way we see the natural world.
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Adriaen Albrecht Altdorfer Albrecht Diirer alchemical alchemists Amsterdam apothecaries articulated artisanal epistemology artisans artists Bernard Palissy bodily body Brouwer's Cambridge University Press casting Cellini Cennini Chicago claims Culture depiction drawing Durer Dutch early modern epistemology Europe example experience Eyck's FIGURE Flemish Frans van Mieris Gemeentearchief German Gerrit Dou goldsmith guild History human humanists Ibid idem imitation of nature Jan Miense Molenaer Jan van Eyck Johann Rudolf Glauber Johannes Glauber Kemp knowledge of nature Kunst labor Lairesse Leiden Leonardo Martin Schongauer material medicine mercury metals mirror Museum natural philosophers naturalistic Netherlandish Nuremberg observation oil on panel painters panel painting Panofsky Paracelsus Paracelsus's passions peasants philosophy PLATE portrait practice practitioners processes produced quoted Renaissance representation Robert Campin Saint salt scholars sculptors self-portrait senses seventeenth century sixteenth century Sluijter Sylvius Sylvius's texts theory things tion trans treatises ture Vries Wenzel Jamnitzer workshop