Systematics and Evolution
David McLaughlin, Joseph W. Spatafora
Springer Science & Business Media, Sep 22, 2000 - Science - 260 pages
Mycology, the study of fungi, originated as a subdiscipline of botany and was a des criptive discipline, largely neglected as an experimental science until the early years of this century. A seminal paper by Blakeslee in 1904 provided evidence for self incompatibility, termed "heterothallism", and stimulated interest in studies related to the control of sexual reproduction in fungi by mating-type specificities. Soon to follow was the demonstration that sexually reproducing fungi exhibit Mendelian inheritance and that it was possible to conduct formal genetic analysis with fungi. The names Burgetf, Kniep and Lindegren are all associated with this early period of fungal genet ics research. These studies and the discovery of penicillin by Fleming, who shared a Nobel Prize in 1945, provided further impetus for experimental research with fungi. Thus began a period of interest in mutation induction and analysis of mutants for biochemical traits. Such fundamental research, conducted largely with Neurospora crassa, led to the one gene: one enzyme hypothesis and to a second Nobel Prize for fungal research awarded to Beadle and Tatum in 1958. Fundamental research in biochemical genetics was extended to other fungi, especially to Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and by the mid-1960s fungal systems were much favored for studies in eukaryotic molecular biology and were soon able to compete with bacterial systems in the molecular arena.
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agar Agaricales analysis anamorphic Aphyllophorales Appl Microbiol ascomycetes Ascomycota Auriculariales ballistosporic Bandoni RJ basid basidia basidiocarps basidiomycetes basidiomycetous yeasts basidiospores basidium Bauer Begerow Berbee Boekhout bolete clade Botanical Bruns cells characters clade clamp cluster Code conidia corticioid Cryptococcus culture Dacrymycetales dikaryotic Donk epibasidia euagarics clade evolution Fell JW Filobasidiella fruiting bodies fungal fungus gasteroid gene genera genetic genus germination Hawksworth Heterobasidiomycetes Hibbett homobasidiomycetes homothallic host Hymenomycetes hyphae Ingold interaction iomycetes Malassezia McLaughlin meiosis molecular monophyletic morphology Mycol Soc Mycologia mycoparasitic Mycotaxon names neoformans nomenclature Oberw Oberwinkler F parasites parenthesomes phylogenetic phylogeny plant polyporoid clade Pseudozyma rDNA sequences Rhodotorula ribosomal rRNA russuloid clade septa septal pore smut fungi species spores Sporidiobolus Stud Mycol studies Swann and Taylor Syst systematics taxa taxon taxonomic teleomorphic teliospores Tilletiopsis tion Trans Br Mycol trees Tremella Tremellales Tulasnella ultrastructural unpubl Urediniomycetes Ustilaginomycetes Ustilago Vanky yeasts