Scientific Racism in Modern South Africa
This is the first full-length study of the history of intellectual and scientific racism in modern South Africa. Ranging broadly across disciplines in the social sciences, sciences and humanities, it charts the rise of scientific racism during the late nineteenth century and the subsequent decline of biological determinism from the mid-twentieth century, and considers the complex relationship between theories of essential racial difference and the political rise of segregation and apartheid.
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Physical anthropology and the quest for the missing link
Bantu origins racial narratives
Biological determinism and the development of eugenics
The equivocal message of eugenics
Mental testing and the understanding of the native mind
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American apartheid approach argued Association attempt Bantu biological blacks British Bushmen Cape Town century civilisation claims colour common comparative concept concerned considerable context cultural Dart debate degeneration direct discussion distinct early Education established eugenic European evidence example existence fact genetic groups Hamitic helped Hottentots human ideas ideology important individual industrial inferiority influence Institute intellectual intelligence tests interest issue Johannesburg Journal Khoisan language late leading linguistic London Mapungubwe means measure mental movement nationalist Native nature Negro noted origins particular physical anthropology political poor popular population position practical Pretoria problem psychology question race racial racism reference regarded relationship remained Report result SAJS scientific seen segregation sense separate similar social Society South Africa Southern Africa sterilisation suggested superiority tests theory thought tradition University writings