Red and Black in Haiti: Radicalism, Conflict, and Political Change, 1934-1957
In 1934 the republic of Haiti celebrated its 130th anniversary as an independent nation. In that year, too, another sort of Haitian independence occurred, as the United States ended nearly two decades of occupation. In the first comprehensive political history of postoccupation Haiti, Matthew Smith argues that the period from 1934 until the rise of dictator Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier to the presidency in 1957 constituted modern Haiti's greatest moment of political promise.
Smith emphasizes the key role that radical groups, particularly Marxists and black nationalists, played in shaping contemporary Haitian history. These movements transformed Haiti's political culture, widened political discourse, and presented several ideological alternatives for the nation's future. They were doomed, however, by a combination of intense internal rivalries, pressures from both state authorities and the traditional elite class, and the harsh climate of U.S. anticommunism. Ultimately, the political activism of the era failed to set Haiti firmly on the path to a strong independent future.
What people are saying - Write a review
LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - bruchu - LibraryThing
Struggle For Radical Change In this academic study, Matthew J. Smith explores the historical processes that shaped post-occupation Haiti up until the prolonged Duvalier dictatorship. According to ... Read full review
The Postoccupation Dilemma Ideology and Contention in the Vincent Years 19341941
Brown Power Black Protest The Lescot Regime and the Culture of Resistance 19411945
The Haitian Revolution of 1946
Now Both Sides of the Hand Have a Chance Noirisme and Opposition under Estimé 19461950
Blacks without Color Military Rule and Radicalism in Transition 19501957
Other editions - View all
a√airs Alexander Papers argued August bourgeoisie Calixte campaign Cap Haïtien Caribbean Chantiers color communist country’s culture d’Haïti Daniel Fignolé Déjoie Depestre Dessalines to Duvalier di√erent Dominican Dorsinville Dumarsais Estimé Duvalier’s e√ect e√ort economic election Élie Lescot elite Estimists forced François Duvalier Garde government’s Griots groups Haïti Haitian politics Harold Tittmann Heinl Hudicourt ideology intellectuals interview by author interview by Robert Jacques Roumain January July June La Ruche labor Le Nouvelliste leaders leftists light-skinned Magloire Magloire’s Marxist Matin ment milat military movement nationalist noiriste Nouvelliste November numbers o√ered o≈ce o≈cers October organization Orme Wilson party party’s Paul Magloire peasant Pétionville popular classes Port-au Port-au-Prince postoccupation president presidential protest radical Rayford Logan regime Senate shada social socialists Sténio Vincent strike tion Tittmann to Secretary Trouillot Trujillo U.S. o≈cials unions United urban USNA Vincent vodou Washington Wilson to Secretary workers