Proceedings of IIIT Lunar Calendar Conference Held at the International Institute of Islamic Thought, Herndon, VA., 9-10 Shawwal, 1407 A H., 6-7 June, 1987 A.C.
International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1988 - Calendar - 198 pages
This volume brings together both the elementary scientific facts that any lunar calendar formulation cannot ignore and a summary of the pressing scientific questions of particular interest to the Islamic calendar. Scientific aspects of the problem are thoroughly reviewed without prejudicing the argument in purely Islamic juridical questions and differences. The results are of great significance to both Islamic scholars and the general Muslim public.The papers presented are of a high scientific quality and are followed by a unanimous statement of the professional astronomers on the scientific questions. If these conclusions are followed, the varying sets of conventions used by different Islamic populations can be made self-consistent and free from scientific errors, even if they still differ from each other. This new edition allows the correction of errors in the first edition, makes the style more uniform among the papers, and improves the articles' graphs and figures. It aims to serve as an effective tool for addressing the calendrical issues that motivated the conference more than being merely a historical record. A new Afterword summarizes refinements in the scientific issues that have taken place in the ten years since the conference, many of which were prompted by the work presented here.
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Lunar Calendar Conference Overview
Lunar Islamic CalendarIssues and Answers
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24 hours Abdali algorithm Arabia areas astronomical astronomical calculation astronomical new Moon atmospheric beginning clouds clouds compiler conjunction Crescent Moon criterion curve dateline day/date degrees Doggett earth fiqh FORTRAN fuqaha global globe haze horizon ILDL Ilyas Imad-ad-Dean Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad International Islamic Calendar international lunar calendar Islamic calendar Islamic lunar Islamic month issues latitudes longitude lunar calendar lunar crescent lunar date line lunar Islamic lunar month Makkah method moon's moonset MS-DOS Muhammad naked eye nZ ZY YZ observing conditions parameters personal computer phase prediction problem Quran Ramadan ru'yah scientific Shawwal solar calendar Sunnah sunset U. S. Naval Observatory Ulema Ummah visible crescent witness YZ AZ ZZ YZ YZ Z Y Z Z0 Zr ZZ Zr ZZ YZ ZY YZ ZZ ZZ nZ ZY ZZ Z Z0 ZZ Zr ZZ ZZ nZ