Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics
Social movements have an elusive power but one that is altogether real. From the French and American revolutions to the post-Soviet, ethnic and terrorist movements of today, contentious politics exercises a fleeting but powerful influence on politics, society and international relations. This study surveys the modern history of the modern social movements in the West and their diffusion to the global South through war, colonialism and diffusion, and it puts forward a theory to explain its cyclical surges and declines. It offers an interpretation of the power of movements that emphasizes effects on the lives of militants, policy reforms, political institutions and cultural change. The book focuses on the rise and fall of social movements as part of contentious politics in general and as the outcome of changes in political opportunities and constraints, state strategy, the new media of communication and transnational diffusion.
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Modular Collective Action
Print and Association
States Capitalism and Contention
Networks and Organizations
Threats Opportunities and Regimes
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1848 revolutions activism activists actors American association authorities Barack Obama barricades began broader campaign century challengers Chapter Charles Tilly claims coalitions collective action conﬂict contentious politics Costain created cultural cycles of contention Democratic demonstrations developed diffusion disruptive domestic Doug McAdam elites emerged episodes Europe European example ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst forms of action forms of collective forms of contention framing France Freedom Summer French French Revolution global groups identiﬁed identities inﬂuence innovations institutionalization institutions interaction Islamist Jackie Smith Kriesi leaders major McAdam mechanisms ment militants mobilization modular form movement organizations NGOs ofﬁcials opponents organizational outcomes participation parties police political opportunities produced protest radical reform regime repertoire of contention repression response Revolution revolutionary scholars shift Sidney Tarrow signiﬁcant social movements society solidarity spread strike structure targets Tarrow threats Tilly’s tion transnational triggered turn U.S. Patriot Act Union violence women’s movement workers