Place Names of Ontario
Place Names Can Provide Valuable Insight Into a variety of fascinating aspects of geography, history, languages, cultures, and customs of a particular region. Ontario, with its extensive overlay of place names with connections to the British Isles, differs markedly in place-name characteristics from Canada's other regions, especially those which have been historically imprinted with the French language and culture.In this, the first wide-ranging review of Ontario's physical and cultural place names, Alan Rayburn has selected 2,285 from the province's 57,000 official toponyms including all 815 municipalities, as well as unincorporated places with populations exceeding 75, and a large selection of the more prominent lakes, rivers, islands, points, hills, mountains, and highways.Rayburn sets the record straight on the origin of many names including that of Toronto, which does not mean 'place of meeting, ' but reflects the transfer of the Mohawk description of fish weirs in The Narrows between Lake Simcoe and Lake Couchiching.He points out that Kitchener would still be Berlin but for the First World War, and Fort William and Port Arthur might have become Lakehead in 1970 if the ballot had not been rigged in favour of Thunder Bay.Rayburn also deals with an impressive array of names of Aboriginal origin including Niagara, Muskoka, Penetanguishene, Temagami, Nipigon, Oshawa, and Wawa. He explains that Batawa does not fall into this category: it would be a case of 'putting the shoe on the wrong foot' as Rayburn expresses it. Diplomatically he reveals the correct origin of Bastard Township.An informative and entertaining overview of the mosaic of Ontario's toponymy, Place Names ofOntario will rank among the finest of North American place name studies and will appeal to academic and general readers alike.
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Algoma District Algonquin Assembly of Ontario became Bruce County Canadian centre Corners counties of Leeds counties of Stormont County was named Creek District was named Duke Durham Region Earl Elgin England French Frontenac County George Grey County grist mills Haldimand-Norfolk Region Hastings County Henry Huron County Ireland Island James John Graves Simcoe Kenora District km east km north km northwest km south km southeast km west known Lanark County land later Leeds and Grenville Legislative Assembly Located Lt-Gov John Graves municipal township name was changed Niagara Nipissing District northeast office was called office was named office was opened Ojibwa Oxford County Parry Sound District Perth County place was named Port post office postmaster Pronounced province of Canada regional municipality renamed Renfrew County Rideau Scotland settled settler ship Simcoe County Situated southwest Sudbury surveyor Thomas Thunder Bay Toronto township was named united counties Upper Canada village Waterloo William