Physical Science in the Middle Ages
This concise introduction to the history of physical science in the Middle Ages begins with a description of the feeble state of early medieval science and its revitalization during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, as evidenced by the explosion of knowledge represented by extensive translations of Greek and Arabic treatises. The content and concepts that came to govern science from the late twelfth century onwards were powerfully shaped and dominated by the science and philosophy of Aristotle. It is, therefore, by focussing attention on problems and controversies associated with Aristotelian science that the reader is introduced to the significant scientific developments and interpretations formulated in the later Middle Ages. The concluding chapter presents a new interpretation of the medieval failure to abandon the physics and cosmology of Aristotle and explains why, despite serious criticisms, they were not generally repudiated during this period. As detailed critical bibliography completes the work.
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acceleration Albertus Magnus Arabic arguments Aristotelian physics Aristotelian science Aristotle Aristotle's arithmetic arts astronomy Averroes Avicenna Bradwardine Buridan celestial century A.D. Christian commentaries condemnation of 1277 Copernicus cosmology cosmos daily motion discussed Duhem E. J. Holmyard earth Edward Grant elements existence explain external fall finite fourteenth century Galileo geometric God's Greek science heavens heavy history of science hypothetical impetus impressed force infinite void intellectual intension and remission internal resistance Latin translation mathematical matter mean speed theorem medicine medieval science medium Middle Ages mixed bodies motive force move natural motion natural place Nicole Oresme Ockham Oxford physical reality physics and cosmology Pierre Duhem planets problems produced Publications in Medieval rectilinear motion rotation saving the phenomena scholastic science and philosophy scientific revolution significant specific weight speed sphere theologians theological theory thirteenth century tion tradition treatises twelfth century University of Paris vacuum velocity violent motion void space York
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