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On Some of the Mental Affections of Childhood and Youth: Being the ...
J. Langdon Down
No preview available - 2015
able absence acromion appearance average birth bone born brain brothers cause of idiocy cent cerebral cerebrum child commissure condition congenital consanguineous convulsions corpus callosum cousins cranial sutures cranium cretinism defect deformity developmental died from consumption diet disease Earlswood emotional encephalon epilepsy ergot extreme faculty Father and mother feeble-minded feeble-minded children female forceps fornix frequently frontal frontal bone girl glands goitre hydrocephalus hypertrophied idiots illegitimacy imbecile important inches influence inquiry insane instances intellectual intelligence large number lesion less lobe lobule London Hospital male marked marriages mental power microcephalic months moral mouth mucous membrane muscles muscular nervous notice observation occipital lobe opinion ounces palate parents patient period phthisis physical posterior pregnancy present produced progenitors prominent puberty quently referred regard relation remarkable result second dentition septum lucidum sisters speech statistics sutures synostosis teeth tendency thick tion tongue tubercular tuberculosis usually weight
Page 59 - In addition to the violent cannonading, which kept the women for some time in a constant state of alarm, the arsenal blew up with a terrific explosion, which few could hear with unshaken nerves. Out of 92 children born in that district within a few months...
Page 216 - The circulation is feeble, and however much advance is made intellectually in the summer, some amount of retrogression may be expected in the winter. Their mental and physical capabilities are, in fact, directly as the temperature. The improvement which training effects in them is greatly in excess of what would be predicated if one did not know the characteristics of the type. The life expectancy, however, is far below the average, and the tendency is to the tuberculosis which I believe to be the...
Page 216 - They have considerable power of imitation, even bordering on being mimics. They are humorous, and a lively sense of the ridiculous often colours their mimicry. This faculty of imitation may be cultivated to a very great extent, and a practical direction given to the results obtained. They are usually able to speak; the speech is thick and indistinct, but may be improved very greatly by a well-directed scheme of tongue gymnastics. The co-ordinating faculty is abnormal, but not so defective that it...
Page 59 - ... became idiotic and died before the age of five years; and 2 came into the world with numerous fractures of the bones of the limbs, caused by the cannonading and explosion.
Page 282 - The canine teeth are frequently unduly prominent, and a marked sulcus is sometimes seen between the incisors and canines, with prominence of the incisors. . . . ** Of the most significant value, however, is the condition of the palate. I have made a very large number of careful measurements of the mouths of the congenitally feeble-minded and of intelligent persons of the same age, with the result of indicating, with some few exceptions, a markedly diminished width between the posterior bicuspids...
Page 213 - Observations of an ethnic classification of idiots" (6) . , , making a classification of the feeble-minded, by arranging them around various ethnic standards — in other words, framing a natural system to supplement the information to be derived by an inquiry into the history of the case. I have been able to find among the large number of idiots and imbeciles which comes under my observation, both at Earlswood and the out-patient department of the Hospital, that a considerable portion can be fairly...
Page 308 - It may be taken as a rule which has but few exceptions, that congenital idiocy is more amenable to training than post-congenital, that, in fact, it is more hopeful to have to do with an ill-developed than with a damaged brain...
Page 217 - ... attempt at an ethnic classification, considerable philosophical interest attaches to it. The tendency in the present day is to reject the opinion that the various races are merely varieties of the human family having a common origin, and to insist that climatic, or other influences, are insufficient to account for the different types of man. Here, however, we have examples of retrogression, or, at all events, of departure from one type and the assumption of the characteristics of another.
Page 104 - I •could gather, the use of a clock face, could tell the time to a minute at any part of the day, and in any situation. I tried him on numberless occasions, and he always answered with an amount of precision truly remarkable. Gradually his response became less ready. * * * his health became enfeebled, and the faculty departed. At a necropsy I found that there was no difference in his cerebrum from an ordinary brain, except that he had two well-marked and distinct soft commissures. * * * All these...
Page 9 - ... laterally. The eyes are obliquely placed, and the internal canthi more than normally distant from one another. The palpebral fissure is very narrow. The forehead is wrinkled transversely from the constant assistance which the levatores palpebrarum derive from the occipitofrontalis muscle in the opening of the eyes.