Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models
Helen W. Lane, Dale A. Schoeller
CRC Press, Dec 20, 1999 - Medical - 328 pages
Tens of thousands of miles above Earth's atmosphere, orbiting this planet like pieces from a child's giant erector set, NASA's massive International Space Station slowly takes shape. When completed, as many as 16 countries will provide crew members for this orbiting international community.
But while this will not be the first extended stay of humans in space-Skylab, Mir Space Station, and Shuttle-Mir missions all involved extended-stay periods-it will give birth to some new questions about one of space exploration's biggest concerns: providing adequate nutrition essential to good physical and mental health in space.
Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models consolidates nutritional observations from 38 years of human spaceflight. It is a compilation of nutritional knowledge and accomplishments from the early 1970's to the recent Shuttle-MIR program. It provides basic nutritional concepts, as well as broad coverage, of the effect of space and weightlessness on nutrition status and physiology.
Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models addresses the utility of ground-based weightlessness simulations; the role of electrolytes, calcium, protein, iron, and micronutrients in optimal nutrition; and energy utilization by space crews. The book also explores regenerative life-support and food systems for space and planetary missions; the results of basic research in metabolism that illustrate the physiological changes that occur during spaceflight; new concepts and recommendations for astronaut nutrition in future spaceflights; and, the lab capabilities of the International Space Station.
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History of Nutrition and Spaceflight
Utility of GroundBased Simulations
Energy Utilization and Exercise in Spaceflight
Iron Metabolism and the Changes
Trace Elements and B Vitamins
Radiation and Stress
Nutrition Research for the Future of Spaceflight
Appendix A Instruments Available for Research
Appendix DSample of Menus for International Space Station
activity addition amino acids amount antioxidant Apollo associated astronauts balance bed rest body bone calcium changes Clin closed concentrations consumed crew members crops damage decrease determine developed diet dietary Earth effects energy expenditure environment et al excretion exercise exposure Figure flight fluid food system function glucose growth human important increased indicate intake International iron Lane levels limited loss maintain mass meal measured menu metabolism method mg/d microgravity mineral missions models muscle NASA needed nitrogen normal nutrient nutritional occurs period Physiol physiological planned plants plasma preflight pressure prevent production protein radiation red blood cells reduced requirements response result showed Shuttle significant Skylab Smith sodium space Space Station spacecraft spaceflight status stress studies subjects suggest supply synthesis Table tests Tibbitts tion urinary vitamin volume weight Wheeler
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