Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models

Front Cover
Helen W. Lane, Dale A. Schoeller
CRC Press, Dec 20, 1999 - Medical - 328 pages
Tens of thousands of miles above Earth's atmosphere, orbiting this planet like pieces from a child's giant erector set, NASA's massive International Space Station slowly takes shape. When completed, as many as 16 countries will provide crew members for this orbiting international community.

But while this will not be the first extended stay of humans in space-Skylab, Mir Space Station, and Shuttle-Mir missions all involved extended-stay periods-it will give birth to some new questions about one of space exploration's biggest concerns: providing adequate nutrition essential to good physical and mental health in space.

Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models consolidates nutritional observations from 38 years of human spaceflight. It is a compilation of nutritional knowledge and accomplishments from the early 1970's to the recent Shuttle-MIR program. It provides basic nutritional concepts, as well as broad coverage, of the effect of space and weightlessness on nutrition status and physiology.

Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models addresses the utility of ground-based weightlessness simulations; the role of electrolytes, calcium, protein, iron, and micronutrients in optimal nutrition; and energy utilization by space crews. The book also explores regenerative life-support and food systems for space and planetary missions; the results of basic research in metabolism that illustrate the physiological changes that occur during spaceflight; new concepts and recommendations for astronaut nutrition in future spaceflights; and, the lab capabilities of the International Space Station.
 

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Contents

History of Nutrition and Spaceflight
6
References
16
Utility of GroundBased Simulations
69
References
89
Energy Utilization and Exercise in Spaceflight
97
References
115
References
136
References
196
Iron Metabolism and the Changes
203
Trace Elements and B Vitamins
213
Radiation and Stress
233
References
249
Nutrition Research for the Future of Spaceflight
261
Appendix A Instruments Available for Research
275
Appendix DSample of Menus for International Space Station
287
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