Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models
Helen W. Lane, Dale A. Schoeller
CRC Press, Dec 20, 1999 - Medical - 328 pages
Tens of thousands of miles above Earth's atmosphere, orbiting this planet like pieces from a child's giant erector set, NASA's massive International Space Station slowly takes shape. When completed, as many as 16 countries will provide crew members for this orbiting international community.
But while this will not be the first extended stay of humans in space-Skylab, Mir Space Station, and Shuttle-Mir missions all involved extended-stay periods-it will give birth to some new questions about one of space exploration's biggest concerns: providing adequate nutrition essential to good physical and mental health in space.
Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models consolidates nutritional observations from 38 years of human spaceflight. It is a compilation of nutritional knowledge and accomplishments from the early 1970's to the recent Shuttle-MIR program. It provides basic nutritional concepts, as well as broad coverage, of the effect of space and weightlessness on nutrition status and physiology.
Nutrition in Spaceflight and Weightlessness Models addresses the utility of ground-based weightlessness simulations; the role of electrolytes, calcium, protein, iron, and micronutrients in optimal nutrition; and energy utilization by space crews. The book also explores regenerative life-support and food systems for space and planetary missions; the results of basic research in metabolism that illustrate the physiological changes that occur during spaceflight; new concepts and recommendations for astronaut nutrition in future spaceflights; and, the lab capabilities of the International Space Station.
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History of Nutrition and Spaceflight
Utility of GroundBased Simulations
Energy Utilization and Exercise in Spaceflight
Iron Metabolism and the Changes
Radiation and Stress
Normative Blood and Urine Values Found
Sample of Menus for International Space Station
activity Aeronautics and Space amino acids antioxidant Apollo astronauts atrophy balance bed rest beta-carotene body composition body mass body weight bone loss Bugbee calcium carbohydrate changes Clin countermeasures crew members crops damage decrease diet dietary intake Dietary Reference Intakes Earth effects energy expenditure energy intake excretion exercise training exposure ferritin flight fluid and electrolyte food system function Greenleaf Gretebeck ground-based human human spaceflight immersion in-flight increased International Space Station iron Lane Leach LeBlanc levels macronutrients measured metabolism mg/d microgravity missions MJ/d NASA negative niacin Nicogossian nitrogen normal Nutr nutrients oxidative Physiol physiological plants plasma plasma volume postflight potassium preflight protein synthesis radiation Radioimmunoassay Rambaut rats red blood cells reduced response result serum simulated Skylab Smith sodium Space Administration Space Environ Space Shuttle spacecraft spaceflight Stein stress studies subjects tests thiamine Tibbitts tissue urinary urine vitamin vitamin D weightlessness Wheeler
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