Mobilizing America: Robert P. Patterson and the War Effort, 1940-1945

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Cornell University Press, 1997 - Biography & Autobiography - 588 pages
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"This splendid biography does belated justice to one of the unsung heroes of the Second World War. Robert P. Patterson, a quiet man of commanding ability and sturdy purpose, played a key role in the mobilization of American men and resources that made victory possible. Mobilizing America illuminates both the integrity of the man and the complexity of his achievement."--Arthur Schlesinger, Jr."In Keith Eiler's masterful and meticulously researched account, the unsung pillar of America's victorious mobilization for World War II, Under Secretary of War Robert Patterson--a man of rare character and judgment and an 'incomparably purposeful mobilizer'--is at long last given his due."--Lieutenant General John H. Cushman, U. S. Army, Retired"Students of the Second World War, even professional military officers, are often woefully uninformed about the vast and complex war effort waged on the home front to provide the supplies, trained manpower, and munitions necessary to ultimate victory. Keith Eiler has found a way to portray this mobilization effort vividly by telling the story through the eyes of Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson, a modest but dynamic man whose contributions, in the author's words, were 'comparable only to those of the army's chief of staff, General George C. Marshall, and of the president himself.'"--John S. D. Eisenhower"In an era when the common defense is no longer considered the responsibility of every citizen but instead is provided by hundreds of billions of tax dollars, technical experts, and esoteric systems and strategies, it is reassuring to be reminded of the sincerely patriotic efforts of a man like Patterson. Keith Eiler's book is well researched, lucidly written, and full of insights and analysis that go beyond the usual biography of an important public personality."--J. Garry Clifford, University of Connecticut

 

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Mobilizing America: Robert P. Patterson and the war effort, 1940-1945

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A key player in the war mobilization that started in this country in 1940, Robert P. Patterson was in the forefront of the enormous national effort needed to make the United States the arsenal of ... Read full review

Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
A CALL TO ARMS 19401941
9
Student Soldier Lawyer Judge
11
A Return to Action
31
Hearing a Different Kind of Case
42
Pushing Procurement
59
Managing Mobilization
77
Personnel for the New Army
97
Crises in Rubber and Gasoline
262
1942
282
A Close Eye on Prices and Profits
306
Cooperation and Conflict with the WPB
326
1943
369
1944
389
1945
414
Changing the Guard
443

Materiel for the New Army
112
The War Department and the Negro
131
Labor Issues in Defense Industry
154
Shortages in Basic Materials
176
Conversion and Its Discontents
192
Patience and Perseverance
209
A Great New Crisis
229
Seeking Manpower for a Burgeoning Army
248
Reaction and the Record
454
CONCLUSION
465
A Persons Interviewed
477
A Select Chronology of the War
483
NOTES
501
INDEX
565
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About the author (1997)

Keith E. Eiler is Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace, Stanford University.

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