Medicinal and Aromatic Plants XII

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 24, 2002 - Medical - 348 pages
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Medicinal and Aromatic Plants XII comprises 18 chapters. It deals with the distribution, importance, conventional propagation, micropropagation, tissue culture studies, and the in vitro production of important medicinal and pharmaceutical compounds in the following plants: Artemisia annua, Coriandrum sativum, Crataegus, Dionaea muscipula, Hyoscyamus reticulatus, Hypericum canariense, Leguminosae, Malva, Ocimum, Pergularia tomentosa, Phellodendron amurense, Sempervivum, Solanum aculeatissimum, S. chrysotrichum, S. kasianum, Stephania, Trigonella, and Vaccinium. It is tailored to the needs of advanced students, teachers, and research scientists in the fields of pharmacy, plant tissue culture, phytochemistry, biomedical engineering, and plant biotechnology in general.
 

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Contents

Production of Artemisinin from in Vitro Cultures of Artemisia annua L
1
2 In Vitro Approaches
6
3 Conclusions and Prospects
9
References
10
In Vitro Culture and the Production of Secondary Metabolites in Coriandrum sativum L Coriander
13
2 Plant Regeneration Via Somatic Embryogenesis
14
3 Production of Petroselinic Acid from Cell Suspension Cultures
17
4 Summary and Conclusions
19
2 In Vitro Culture Studies
181
3 Cardenolide Production by P tomentosa Callus and Suspension Cultures
192
4 Summary and Conclusion
194
References
196
Indolopyridoquinazoline Furoquinoline Canthinone and ProtoberberineType Alkaloids from Phellodendron amurense Callus Tissues
199
2 In Vitro Cultures Table 1
203
3 Chemotaxonomy
207
4 Speculative Biogenesis of the Indolopyridoquinazoline Furoquinoline Canthinone and ProtoberberineType Alkaloids in Callus Tissues Ikuta et al 1...
208

6 Protocol for Production of Petroselenic Acid from Cell Suspension Cultures
20
References
21
Polyphenol Production in Crataegus Tissue Cultures Hawthorn
23
2 In Vitro Approaches
28
3 Oxygen Species Scavenging by Callus Extracts
39
4 Summary and Conclusion
42
5 Protocol
43
References
47
Dionaea muscipula Ellis Venus Flytrap In Vitro Cultures and in Vitro Production of Secondary Metabolites
50
2 In Vitro Approaches
54
3 Secondary Metabolites
63
4 Conclusions and Prospects
68
5 Protocol
70
In Vitro Culture and the Production of Secondary Metabolites in Hyoscyamus reticulatus L
75
2 In Vitro Approaches
77
3 Conclusion
91
References
92
Micropropagation of Hypericum canariense L for the Production of Hypericin
95
2 Hypericum canariense L
97
3 In Vitro Culture Studies of Hypericum Species
100
4 Hypericin from Clonal Propagation of Hypericum canariense L
105
5 Future Prospects
107
6 Conclusion
108
References
110
Production of Quinolizidine Alkaloids in in Vitro Cultures of Legumes
118
2 Quinolizidine Alkaloid Formation in in Vitro Cultures
123
3 Why Is Quinolizidine Alkaloid Production Reduced in Cell Suspension Cultures?
128
4 Gene Expression in SuspensionCultured Cells of L polyphyllus
129
References
132
Malva sp Mallow In Vitro Culture and the Production of Secondary Metabolites
137
2 The In Vitro Culture of Malva sp
143
3 Conclusion and Prospects
152
References
153
In Vitro Culture and the Production of Polyphenol and Volatile Compounds in Ocimum
156
2 In Vitro Studies of Ocimum
157
3 Tissue Culture and Phenolic Production of Ocimum
158
4 Shoot Cultures and Volatile Compounds of Ocimum
168
5 Conclusion and Prospects
173
6 Protocol
174
References
176
Pergularia tomentosa in Vitro Culture and the Production of Cardenolides and Other Secondary Metabolites
177
5 Isolation and Characterization of cDNA Clones Encoding Aromatic Amino Acid Decarboxylase During Alkaloid Biosynthesis from P amurense Su...
209
6 Time Course Study
211
7 Productivity of Alkaloids from P amurense Callus Tissues
213
8 Summary
214
9 Protocol
217
References
218
In Vitro Culture and the Production of Secondary Metabolites by Sempervivum spp Houseleek
222
2 In Vitro Approaches
227
3 Clonal Propagation Technique
232
4 Conclusion and Prospect
235
5 Protocol
236
References
238
In Vitro Culture and the Production of Steroidal Saponin in Solatium aculeatissimum Jacq
241
2 In Vitro Approaches
242
3 Summary and Conclusions
248
4 Protocol
249
References
250
Solatium chrysotrichum Schldl Distribution Identification of the Antifungal SC1 Saponin in Vitro Propagation Cell Suspension Cultures LargeScale P...
252
2 Isolation and Identification of the Antifungal Compound
254
3 In Vitro Approaches
257
4 Conclusion and Prospect
265
References
266
In Vitro Culture and the Production of Secondary Metabolites in Solanum khasianum
268
2 In Vitro Approaches
270
3 Conclusion and Prospect
277
References
278
In Vitro Culture and the Production of Secondary Metabolites in Stephania
281
2 In Vitro Studies
283
3 Protocols
299
4 Summary and Conclusion
303
Trigonella Species In Vitro Culture and Production of Secondary Metabolites
306
2 In Vitro Culture Studies
308
3 Summary and Conclusion
324
References
325
Vaccinium Species SmallFruited Berries In Vitro Culture and the Production of Food Colorants and Phytochemicals
328
2 In Vitro Approaches
333
3 Summary Conclusions and Prospects
341
4 Protocol
342
Subject Index
345
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