Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

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MIT Press, 1988 - Psychology - 184 pages
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In Matter and Consciousness, Paul Churchland clearly presents theadvantages and disadvantages of such difficult issues in philosophy of mind as behaviorism,reductive materialism, functionalism, and eliminative materialism. This new edition incorporates thestriking developments that have taken place in neuroscience, cognitive science, and artificialintelligence and notes their expanding relevance to philosophicalissues.

Churchland organizes and clarifies the new theoretical and experimentalresults of the natural sciences for a wider philosophical audience, observing that this researchbears directly on questions concerning the basic elements of cognitive activity and theirimplementation in real physical systems. (How is it, he asks, that living creatures perform somecognitive tasks so swiftly and easily, where computers do them only badly or not at all?) Mostsignificant for philosophy, Churchland asserts, is the support these results tend to give to thereductive and the eliminative versions of materialism.

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User Review  - praymont - LibraryThing

This text was widely used in the 1980's and has been very influential (esp. in its taxonomy of views). However, it doesn't do justice to concerns about qualia. Read full review

Contents

Chapter
6
Philosophical Behaviorism
23
Functionalism
36
Chapter 3
51
The Epistemological Problem
67
Chapter 5
83
Methodological Materialism
96
Artificial Intelligence
99
Chapter 7
123
Neuropsychology
143
Parallel Distributed Processing
156
The Expansion of Introspective Consciousness
178
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About the author (1988)

Paul M. Churchland is Professor of Philosophy and a member of the Cognitive Science Faculty at the University of California at San Diego.

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