Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez
Thomas R. Loughlin
Academic Press, 1994 - Marine mammals - 395 pages
The oil spill disaster that occurred when the Exxon Valdez ran aground has become part of the iconography of ecological disaster. This book synthesizes previously confidential data only recently released by the U.S. government. The data concerns the effects of this nightmarish spill on marine mammals, such as sea otters, harbor seals, killer whales, and humpback whales. Because many of the book's contributors were on site within 24 hours of this 11 million gallon catastrophe, the book is a unique longitudinal study of the demise of an ecosystem due to a single acute environmental perturbation.These certain-to-be-influential results reported here should assist marine biologists, pathologists, toxicologists, environmentalists, engineers, and coastal planners in assessing the nature of this now legendary disaster.
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George A Antonelis 227 National Marine Mammal Laboratory Alaska Fish
Richard K Harris 265 Department of Veterinary Pathology Armed Forces
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abundance adult analysis Anchorage animals April aromatic hydrocarbons Ballachey behavior bile British Columbia captured cetaceans Chapter clams coastal collected concentrations counts crude oil DeGange detected distribution dives effects of oil encountered estimated Exxon Valdez oil female Fish and Wildlife Fisheries following the EVOS foraging Geraci gray whales Gulf of Alaska harbor seals haulout sites heavily oiled hSvy humpback whales individual July June juvenile Kenai Peninsula killer whales lesions levels Marine Mammal Matkin mortality rates mussels necropsy NMFS observed oil contamination oiled areas oiled seals Orcinus pelagic photographed pinnipeds Pitcher postspill prespill prey Prince William Sound Report reproductive resident pods result rookeries samples sea otter carcasses sea otter density sea otter population sea otters shoreline SSSS1 Steller sea lions surveys T/V Exxon Valdez Table tissues U.S. Fish unoiled areas USFWS uSiled uSiled uSiled Valdez oil spill vessel western PWS Wildlife Service