Magic and the Supernatural in Medieval English Romance
The world of medieval romance is one in which magic and the supernatural are constantly present: in otherwordly encounters, in the strange adventures experienced by questing knights, in the experience of the uncanny, and in marvellous objects - rings, potions, amulets, and the celebrated green girdle in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. This study looks at a wide range of medieval English romance texts, including the works of Chaucer and Malory, from a broad cultural perspective, to show that while they employ magic in order to create exotic, escapist worlds, they are also grounded in a sense of possibility, and reflect a complex web of inherited and current ideas. The book opens with a survey of classical and biblical precedents, and of medieval attitudes to magic; subsequent chapters explore the ways that romances both reflect contemporary attitudes and ideas, and imaginatively transform them. In particular, the author explores the distinction between the `white magic' of healing and protection, and the more dangerous arts of `nigromancy', black magic. Also addressed is the wider supernatural, including the ways that ideas associated with human magic can be intensified and developed in depictions of otherworldly practitioners of magic. The ambiguous figures of the enchantress and the shapeshifter are a special focus, and the faery is contrasted with the Christian supernatural - miracles, ghosts, spirits, demons and incubi.
Professor CORINNE SAUNDERS Saunders teaches in the Department of English, University of Durham.
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Classical and Biblical Precedents
Prohibitions Folk Practices and Learned Magic
Natural Arts and Marvellous Technology
The Practice of Nigromancy
Otherworld Enchantments and Faery Realms
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adventure angels Apuleius Arthur Arthurian associated astrology Augustine Beves body Cambridge century charms Chaucer Chrétien Chrétien de Troyes Christian cited by line conjuring D. S. Brewer daimons death demons depicted destiny devil discussion divine emphasises employ enchantment enchantress England evil faery Franklin’s Gawain God’s Grail Green Knight healing herbs human ideas illusion incubus Jesus kind King Kittredge Lacnunga lady Launcelot learned line number London love-magic magical arts magicians Malory Malory’s Medea medical magic medicine Medieval Romance Melusine Merlin Middle Ages Middle English Middle English Romance miracle Morgan Morgan le Fay Morte motif narrative natural magic nigromancy notion otherworld otherworldly Oxford pagan Partonope practices ring rituals role seems shape-shifting Sir Gawain Sir Orfeo sorcery spirits stones story Subsequent references suggests supernatural tale Text tradition trans transformation translation University Press Vincent of Beauvais Walter Map witch Witchcraft Witchcraft in Old Ywain ŝat