Kozintsev's Shakespeare Films: Russian Political Protest in Hamlet and King Lear
This book is a study of Grigory Kozintsev’s two cinematic Shakespeare adaptations, Hamlet (Gamlet, 1964), and King Lear (Korol Lir, 1970). The films are considered in relation to the historical, artistic and cultural contexts in which they appear, and in relation to the contributions of Dmitri Shostakovich, who wrote the films’ scores; and Boris Pasternak, whose translations Kozintsev used. The films are analyzed respective to their place in the translation and performance history of Hamlet and King Lear from their first appearances in Tsarist Russian arts and letters. In particular, this study is concerned with the ways in which these plays have been used as a means to critique the government and the country's problems in an age in which official censorship was commonplace. Kozintsev’s films (as well as his theatrical productions of Hamlet and Lear) continue along this trajectory of protest by providing a vehicle for him and his collaborators to address the oppression, violence and corruption of Soviet society. It was just this sort of covert political protest that finally effected the dissolution and fall of the USSR.
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Kozintsevs Contexts 1 Hamlet in Russia in the 18th and 19th Centuries
Kozintsevs Contexts 2 Soviet Hamlets from the Revolution until after Stalins Death
Hamlet in the Thaw and Kozintsevs 1964 Film Adaptation
Kozintsevs Contexts 3 Russian and Soviet King Lears from the 18th Century through World War II
King Lear Revisited in the Brezhnev Era Kozintsevs 1970 Film Adaptation
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19th century actor adaptations Aesopian anti–Semitism appeared artists and intellectuals audience audience’s Bolshevik Boris Boris Godunov Brezhnev censors censorship chapter character Chekhov Claudius conscience contemporary context Cordelia critique cultural depiction despite Doctor Zhivago Don Quixote Edgar Edmund Eisenstein Elsinore especially essay exile expression film’s Fool’s Fortinbras German Godunov Grigory Kozintsev Hamlet Hamletist hero holy fool human imagery influence Innokenti Smoktunovski interpretation Ivan Ivan films Jewish Khrushchev King Lear KLST Kott’s Kozintsev writes Kozintsev’s film Kozintsev’s Hamlet Kozintsev’s Lear Laertes Lear’s Leonid Trauberg literary Marxist Mikhoels moral Morozov official ofhis ofits Okhlopkov one’s Party Pasternak people’s performance play’s political post–Stalin prison production Pushkin quoted Radlov reading regime relationship Rowe Russian scene Shakespeare films Shostakovich social Socialist realism Solomon Mikhoels Soviet critics Soviet Union stage Stalin Stalin’s death Stribrny subversive Thaw theater theatrical themes Tolstoy Tolstoy’s tragedy truth tsar Turgenev’s USSR yurodivy