Image Ethics: The Moral Rights of Subjects in Photographs, Film, and Television

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Larry Gross, John Stuart Katz, Jay Ruby
Oxford University Press, Feb 28, 1991 - Social Science - 401 pages
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This pathbreaking collection of thirteen original essays examines the moral rights of the subjects of documentary film, photography, and television. Image makers--photographers and filmmakers--are coming under increasing criticism for presenting images of people that are considered intrusive and embarrassing to the subject. Portraying subjects in a "false light," appropriating their images, and failing to secure "informed consent" are all practices that intensify the debate between advocates of the right to privacy and the public's right to know. Discussing these questions from a variety of perspectives, the authors here explore such issues as informed consent, the "right" of individuals and minority groups to be represented fairly and accurately, the right of individuals to profit from their own image, and the peculiar moral obligations of minorities who image themselves and the producers of autobiographical documentaries. The book includes a series of provocative case studies on: the documentaries of Frederick Wiseman, particularly Titicut Follies; British documentaries of the 1930s; the libel suit of General Westmoreland against CBS News; the film Witness and its portrayal of the Amish; the film The Gods Must be Crazy and its portrayal of the San people of southern Africa; and the treatment of Arabs and gays on television. The first book to explore the moral issues peculiar to the production of visual images, Image Ethics will interest a wide range of general readers and students and specialists in film and television production, photography, communications, media, and the social sciences.
 

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Contents

A Moral Pause
3
2 The Tradition of the Victim in Griersonian Documentary
34
The Case of Titicut Follies
58
4 Access and Consent in Public Photography
91
5 Ethics and Professionalism in Documentary Filmmaking
108
6 Ethics and the Perception of Ethics in Autobiographical Film
119
7 Images as Property
135
8 A Study in Multiple Forms of Bias
163
9 The Ethics of Misrepresentation
188
10 Perspectives on the Television Arab
203
11 Hollywood Markets the Amish
220
The Gods Must Be Crazy
236
Minority SelfImaging Oppositional Film Practice and the Question of Image Ethics
248
Selected Annotated Bibliography
273
List of Contributors
381
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Page 8 - The law of privacy comprises four distinct kinds of invasion of four different interests of the plaintiff, which are tied together by the common name, but otherwise have almost nothing in common except that each represents an interference with the right of the plaintiff, in the phrase coined by Judge Cooley,

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