Hybrid Entrepreneurship

Front Cover
BoD – Books on Demand, Jan 26, 2018 - Business & Economics - 152 pages
The preponderance of research regards entrepreneurial entry as a dichotomous choice between paid employment and entrepreneurship. Most classic models on the emergence of entrepreneurship either neglect or exclude the opportunity of engaging in both occupations at the same time. This view stands in contrast to increasing evidence that the majority of firm entry around the world occurs by individuals who simultaneously engage in paid employment and self-employment, an entry mode which has been termed hybrid entrepreneurship. 58% of all start-ups in Sweden have been found to be started in hybrid entrepreneurship and even in R&D-pursuing start-ups in Germany, this type of business entry represents 27% of all entrants. Next to this high prevalence of hybrid entrepreneurs among entrepreneurs, there are at least three reasons why these hybrid entrepreneurs should receive more attention. First, as hybrid entrepreneurs are often better educated than pure entrepreneurs, their business ideas might be expected to result in more high-growth ventures. Second, businesses run in pure entrepreneurship survive longer on average if they have been founded in hybrid entrepreneurship. Third, regardless of whether or not hybrid entrepreneurs generate greater economic impact than pure entrepreneurs, their relevance also emerges from their potential to evolve into valuable full-time businesses that otherwise would not have existed. This thesis therefore aims to advance research on hybrid entrepreneurship by revealing its importance for policymaking and entrepreneurship research, the various areas of research touched by it, and its role in entrepreneurial exit processes.


Chapters Overview
On the differences between hybrid
The role of hybrid entrepreneurship in explaining multiple job holders
Entrepreneurs responding to financial distress
Overall summary and conclusion
Appendix A
Appendix B

Common terms and phrases

About the author (2018)

Matthias Schulz received a Bachelor of Science degree in business administration and economics at Bielefeld University and ensuing studied Economics and Controlling at the University of Cologne. From April 2014 to September 2017, he pursued his doctoral studies on hybrid entrepreneurship at the Jackstädt Center of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Research at the University of Wuppertal. His joint research with his supervisors Prof Dr. Diemo Urbig and Prof. Dr. Vivien Procher has been presented at various international conferences and published – among others – in the Journal of Business Venturing.

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