Handbook of Infrared Astronomy

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Cambridge University Press, Aug 13, 1999 - Science - 185 pages
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Infrared astronomy is a dynamic area of current research. It has been revolutionized in the past few years by the advent of large, sensitive, infrared arrays, and the success of several infrared satellites. This handbook provides a clear, concise and accessible reference on all aspects of infrared astronomy. Throughout, the emphasis is on fundamental concepts, practical considerations and useful data. Starting with a review of the basic infrared emission mechanisms, we are shown how the earth's atmosphere affects and limits observations from ground-based telescopes. The important systematics of photometric accuracy are treated in detail. Spectroscopy--both stellar and otherwise--is explained, and illustrated with useful examples. An important chapter is devoted to dust, which plays such a central role. Finally, the technical background to infrared instrumentation is covered to help the reader develop a proper understanding of the capabilities and limitations of infrared observations. This volume provides both an essential introduction for graduate students making infrared observations or reducing infrared data for the first time, and a convenient reference for more experienced researchers.
 

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Contents

Infrared Emission Mechanisms
5
12 Blackbodies
7
13 Atomic spectra
10
14 Molecules
16
15 Synchrotron radiation
23
16 Further reading
24
The Infrared Sky
25
22 Atmospheric transmission
28
47 Photodissociation regions
83
48 HII regions
86
49 Shocks
98
410 Solidstate features
99
411 Further reading
103
Dust
105
52 Absorption and scattering by dust
106
53 Practical aspects of interstellar absorption
108

23 Terrestrial background radiation
33
24 Extraterrestrial background sources
35
25 South Pole sites
37
26 The sky as revealed by infrared surveys
38
27 Balloon and airplane observatories
40
29 Infrared databases
43
Photometry
44
32 Infrared photometric bands
48
33 Standard star observations
53
34 Colors of normal stars
57
35 Absolute calibration
61
36 IRAS photometry
64
37 Bolometric magnitudes
65
38 Stellar effective temperatures
66
39 JHKL photometry of galaxies
68
310 Suggestions for further reading
72
Spectroscopy
73
42 Stellar spectra
74
44 Model atmospheres
77
45 Infrared spectral atlases
80
46 Interstellar medium
81
54 Determination of the infrared extinction law
109
55 Polarization by dust
112
56 Models of dust grains
113
57 Equilibrium temperatures of grains
116
58 Lifecycle of the interstellar medium
118
59 Star formation
123
510 Dust and HII regions
125
512 Emission from dust in external galaxies
126
513 Further reading
131
Infrared Astronomical Technology
132
62 Infrared telescopes in space
133
63 Construction components
134
64 Individual detectors
141
65 Detector arrays
145
66 Efficiency of a system
153
67 Seeing in the infrared
155
68 Some representative instruments
158
69 Observing and data reduction
164
References
169
Index
181
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