Global Perspectives on ADHD: Social Dimensions of Diagnosis and Treatment in Sixteen Countries

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Meredith R. Bergey, Angela M. Filipe, Peter Conrad, Ilina Singh
JHU Press, Jan 23, 2018 - Law - 416 pages

Attention deficithyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a common psychiatric diagnosis in both children and adults since the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. But the diagnosis was much less common—even unknown—in other parts of the world. By the end of the twentieth century, this was no longer the case, and ADHD diagnosis and treatment became an increasingly widespread global phenomenon. As the diagnosis was adopted around the world, the definition and treatment of ADHD often changed in the context of different psychiatric professions, medical systems, and cultures.

Global Perspectives on ADHD is the first book to examine how this expanding public health concern is diagnosed and treated in 16 different countries. In some countries, readers learn, over 10% of school-aged children and adolescents are diagnosed with ADHD; in others, that figure is less than 1%. Some countries focus on medicating children with ADHD; others emphasize parent intervention or child therapy. Showing how a medical diagnosis varies across contexts and time periods, this book explains how those distinctions shape medical interventions and guidelines, filling a much-needed gap by examining ADHD on an international scale.

Contributors: Madeleine Akrich, Mari J. Armstrong-Hough, Meredith R. Bergey, Eugenia Bianchi, Christian Bröer, Peter Conrad, Claire Edwards, Silvia A. Faraone, Angela M. Filipe, Alessandra Frigerio, Valéria Portugal Gonçalves, Linda J. Graham, Hiroyuki Ito, Fabian Karsch, Victor Kraak, Claudia Malacrida, Lorenzo Montali, Yasuo Murayama, Sebastián Rojas Navarro, Órla O'Donovan, Francisco Ortega, Mónica Peña Ochoa, Brenton J. Prosser, Vololona Rabeharisoa, Patricio Rojas, Tiffani Semach, Ilina Singh, Rachel Spronk, Junko Teruyama, Masatsugu Tsujii, Fan-Tzu Tseng, Manuel Vallée, Rafaela Zorzanelli

 

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Contents

An Introduction
1
2 The Rise and Transformation of ADHD in the United States
9
The Canadian ADHD Context
34
4 Historical Cultural and Sociopolitical Influences on Australias Response to ADHD
54
ADHD in Germany
77
Conduct Class and Stigma
97
Ambiguities of a Diagnosis in the Making
118
8 Transformations in the Irish ADHD Disorder Regimefrom a Disorder You Have to Fight to Get to One You Have to Wait to Get
138
Children in the Midst of Social and Political Debates
208
Maintaining and Dealing with Multiple Uncertainties
233
13 ADHD in Japan
261
ADHD in New Zealand
288
The Paradoxical Trajectories of Child and Adolescent ADHD in Chile
310
16 The Development of Child Psychiatry and the Biomedicalization of ADHD in Taiwan
332
Between Disrespect and Lack of Institutionalization
354
18 Reflections on ADHD in a Global Context
376

From the Increase in Methylphenidate Use to Tensions among Health Professionals
162
10 Academic and Professional Tensions and Debates around ADHD in Brazil
186

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About the author (2018)

Meredith R. Bergey is an assistant professor of sociology at Villanova University. Angela M. Filipe is post-doctoral Research Fellow in Childhood, Health & Society at McGill University Peter Conrad is a professor of sociology at Brandeis University. Ilina Singh is a professor of neuroscience and society at Oxford University.

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