Fundamentals of Biological Anthropology
A brief introduction to contemporary biological (physical) anthropology, this text presents balanced coverage of the major components of the field: evolutionary theory and genetics; the biology, behavior, and evolution of the living primates; human evolution; and human variation. This is a shortened version of The Human Species: An Introduction to Biological Anthropology, Third Edition.
The Study of Biological Anthropology
Chromosomes and Genes
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adaptations adult afarensis Africa African apes allele frequencies anatomically modern ancestor animals anthropoids anthropology apes and humans archaic H Australopithecus Australopithecus afarensis behavior bipedalism blood group body bones bonobo canines Chapter characteristics chimpanzee chromosome pairs chromosomes cranial capacity cultural dating environment evidence evolutionary change evolutionary forces evolved example extinct Figure fossil record gene flow genetic distance genetic drift genotype genotypes AA gorilla growth heterozygote hominids Homo erectus Homo habilis Homo sapiens human evolution human populations human variation increase individuals inherited jaws larger brains living locus macroevolution males mammals mating meiosis million years B.P. Miocene modern H modern humans molecule mutation natural selection Neandertals occur offspring Old World orangutan organisms origin pattern percent phenotype primates prosimians race relationship relative reptiles robust australopithecines roughly sex cells sickle cell similar skin color skull species stone tools suggests survive teeth tion traits World monkeys