Freedom to Serve: Truman, Civil Rights, and Executive Order 9981

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Routledge, 2012 - History - 203 pages
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On the eve of America's entry into World War II, African American leaders pushed for inclusion in the war effort and, after the war, they mounted a concerted effort to integrate the armed services. Harry S. Truman's decision to issue Executive Order 9981 in 1948, which resulted in the integration of the armed forces, was an important event in twentieth century American history.

In Freedom to Serve, Jon E. Taylor gives an account of the presidential order as an event which forever changed the U.S. armed forces, and set a political precedent for the burgeoning civil rights movement. Including press releases, newspaper articles, presidential speeches, and biographical sidebars, Freedom to Serve introduces students to an under-examined event while illuminating the period in a new way.

For additional documents, images, and resources please visit the Freedom to Serve companion website at www.routledge.com/cw/criticalmoments

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Franklin Roosevelt African Americans and the Coming of World War II
4
2 Politics and the Quest for an Integrated Military 19371945
14
3 Harry Truman and Civil Rights 18841945
39
4 PostWar Utilization of the Military and the Creation of the Presidents Committee on Civil Rights 19451947
54
5 Integration of the Military 19481953
87
6 Historians Debate Trumans Civil Rights Record
120
Documents
134
Notes
170
Bibliography
183
Index
193
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Jon E. Taylor teaches history at the University of Central Missouri.

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