Elements of Physical Hydrology

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JHU Press, May 26, 1998 - Science - 302 pages
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The science of physical hydrology centers on the physical principles involved in the study of the occurrence and movement of water on and beneath the earth's surface. Because of its far-reaching implications for other disciplines, physical hydrology is of interest to students in fields ranging from the environmental sciences to engineering, policy studies, and even law.

In this introductory-level text the authors begin from the premise that the complexities of modern hydrology can be mastered by understanding basic physical principles of fluid movement. Focusing first on analysis at the scale of a single watershed, they then introduce the mechanics of fluids in closed conduits and open channels. They reevaluate catchment processes in light of fluid mechanics, open channel hydraulics, and groundwater flow. In a concluding chapter, they stress the importance of understanding water movement in the environment by exploring the relationship of hydrology to such disciplines as atmospheric science, ecology, and geology.

Accompanying the book is a CD-ROM, which provides a Web version of the text (Netscape Navigator 2.0 or later required). Included are video demonstrations, additional content and interactive review questions, and extensive links to facilitate study and review. Instructions for using the Web version are included. Also on the CD-ROM are simulation tools to study hydrological processes (MATLAB student version 5.0 required).

 

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Contents

LandAtmosphere Interactions
25
Principles of Fluid
43
Open Channel Hydraulics
73
Streams and Floods
99
Groundwater Hydraulics
123
Groundwater Hydrology
145
Water in the Unsaturated Zone
171
The HillslopeStream Continuum
199
Connections
223
Units Dimensions and Conversions
235
Properties of Water
243
Answers to Example Problems
251
Glossary
277
References
293
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Page 295 - DM (1994) Hydrological controls on dissolved organic carbon during snowmelt in the Snake River near Montezuma, Colorado, Biogeochemistry 25: 147-165.

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About the author (1998)

George M. Hornberger is Ernest H. Ern Professor of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia. Jeffrey P. Raffensperger is assistant professor of environmental sciences at the University of Virginia. Patricia L. Wiberg is associate professor of environmental sciences at the University of Virginia. Keith N. Eshleman is associate professor at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Appalachian Laboratory.

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