Dynamics of Contention

Front Cover
Dissatisfied with the compartmentalization of studies concerning strikes, wars, revolutions, social movements, and other forms of political struggle, McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly identify causal mechanisms and processes that recur across a wide range of contentious politics. Critical of the static, single-actor models (including their own) that have prevailed in the field, they shift the focus of analysis to dynamic interaction. Doubtful that large, complex series of events such as revolutions and social movements conform to general laws, they break events into smaller episodes, then identify recurrent mechanisms and proceses within them. Dynamics of Contention examines and compares eighteen contentious episodes drawn from many different parts of the world since the French Revolution, probing them for consequential and widely applicable mechanisms, for example, brokerage, category formation, and elite defection. The episodes range from nineteenth-century nationalist movements to contemporary Muslim-Hindu conflict to the Tiananmen crisis of 1989 to disintegration of the Soviet Union. The authors spell out the implications of their approach for explanation of revolutions, nationalism, and democratization, then lay out a more general program for study of contentious episodes wherever and whenever they occur.
 

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Contents

WHAT ARE THEY SHOUTING ABOUT?
3
LINEAMENTS OF CONTENTION
38
COMPARISONS MECHANISMS AND EPISODES
72
Tentative Solutions
89
MOBILIZATION IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
91
CONTENTIOUS ACTION
124
TRANSFORMATIONS OF CONTENTION
160
Applications and Conclusions
191
REVOLUTIONARY TRAJECTORIES
193
NATIONALISM NATIONAL DISINTEGRATION AND CONTENTION
227
CONTENTIOUS DEMOCRATIZATION
264
CONCLUSIONS
305
References
349
Index
371
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About the author (2001)

Social scientist Charles Tilly was born in Lombard, Illinois on May 27, 1929. He graduated from Harvard Univeristy with a bachelor's degree in 1950 and a docorate in sociology in 1958. He also studied at Oxford University and the Catholic University in Angers, France. During the Korean War, he served in the Navy. He taught sociology and political science at numerous univeristies including the University of Delaware, Harvard University, the University of Toronto, the University of Michigan and Columbia University. During his lifetime, he wrote 51 books and monographs and more than 600 scholoarly articles. He received numerous awards including the Albert O. Hirschman Award from the Social Science Research Council. He died from lymphoma on April 29, 2008.