Cross-Cultural Psychology: Research and Applications

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 5, 2002 - Psychology - 588 pages
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This second edition of the best selling textbook Cross-Cultural Psychology has been substantially revised to provide the student with the most comprehensive overview of cross-cultural psychology available in one volume. The team of internationally acclaimed authors have included the most up-to-date research in the field and two new chapters on language and on emotion. The book covers basic processes and theory and applications of cross-cultural psychology with respect to acculturation, organisational processes, communication, health and national development. The new format, glossary and textual features are designed to enhance reader usability.
 

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Contents

Introduction to crosscultural psychology
1
Goals of crosscultural psychology
3
Relationships with other disciplines
5
Ethnocentrism in psychology
8
A general framework for crosscultural psychology
10
Conclusions
14
Key terms
15
Similarities and differences in behavior across cultures
17
Cognitive anthropology
249
Conclusions
253
Biology and culture
255
Behavior genetics
265
Ethology
271
Models of cultural transmission
280
Conclusions
283
Key terms
284

Cultural transmission and individual development
19
Cultural and biological transmission
20
Early development and caretaking
21
Enculturation and socialization
29
Adolescence
39
Moral development
40
Conceptualizations of development
44
Conclusions
49
Key terms
50
Social behavior
52
Sociocultural context
53
Conformity
57
Values
59
Individualism and collectivism
65
Social cognition
71
Gender behavior
73
Conclusions
84
Personality
86
Traits across cultures
87
Self in social context
100
Conceptions of the person
104
Altered states of consciousness
109
Conclusions
113
Cognition
114
General intelligent
115
Genetic epistemology
131
Cognitive styles
137
Contextualized cognition
143
Conclusions
145
Key terms
146
Language
147
Linguistic relativity
149
Universals in language
165
Bilingualism
168
Conclusions
170
Key terms
171
Emotion
172
Understanding others
173
Universality of emotions
176
Emotions as cultural states
185
Componential approaches
188
Conclusions
194
Key terms
195
Perception
196
Historical roots
197
Sensory functions
199
Perception of patterns and pictures
202
Face recognition
214
Psychological esthetics
216
Conclusions
220
Key terms
221
Pursuing relationships between behavior and culture research strategies
223
Approaches from cultural anthropology
225
Ethnography
233
Psychological anthropology
241
Methodological concerns
286
Qualitative methodology
287
Designing culturecomparative studies
294
Psychological data in cultural context
301
Analysis of equivalence
304
Classification of inferences
312
Conclusions
315
Theoretical issues in crosscultural psychology
317
Inferred antecedents
320
Absolutism relativism and universalism
324
Conceptualizations of behaviorculture relationships
328
Beyond current controversies?
336
Conclusions
340
Key terms
341
Applying research findings across cultures
343
Acculturation and intercultural relations
345
Plural societies
346
Acculturation
349
Intercultural strategic
353
Psychological acculturation
360
Adaptation
369
Intercultural relations
371
Multiculturalism
375
Conclusions
381
Key terms
382
Organizations and work
384
Managerial behavior
391
Work values and motives
399
Conclusions
405
Key terms
406
Communication and training
407
Communication training
413
Negotiation
418
Conclusions
421
Key terms
422
Health behavior
423
Psychopathologies across cultures
428
Positive mental health
435
Cultural factors in psychotherapy
437
Cultural factors in health behavior
442
Ecology population and health
450
Conclusions
453
Key terms
454
Psychology and the majority world
456
Indigenous psychologies
459
Psychology and national development
464
Conclusions
470
Further reading
471
Epilogue
472
Key terms
475
References
483
Author index
561
Subject index
577
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About the author (2002)

John Berry is Emeritus Professor of Queen's University, Kingston. He has been a Visiting Professor and researched at a large number of universities around the world and has published over 30 books and 150 journal articles. His honours include the Donald Hebb prize from the Canadian Psychological Association, the Interamerican Prize from the Sociedad Interamericana de Psicologia and Honorary Doctorates from the Universities of Geneva and Athens.

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