Congressional Caucuses in National Policymaking
The names are familiar from the nightly news—the Senate Centrist Coalition, the Coalition (Blue Dogs), the Black Caucus. But what exactly are these groups, and what role do they play in congressional decision making? In Congressional Caucuses in National Policy Making Susan Webb Hammond describes and explains the role, activities, and influence of the groups known on Capitol Hill as "caucuses." Defined as voluntary groups of members of Congress that share interests, but which stand outside the formal legislative and policy making structure, caucuses are prime players in influencing policy and setting the legislative agenda.
Over the past five Congresses, Hammond counts the formation of more than 250 caucuses, varying widely in size and membership. They can be organized into six categories: party affiliation, personal interest, national constituency, regional issues, state interests, and district industrial interests. Within the caucuses, members share information, coordinate legislative plans, seek ways to influence colleagues, and even strategize on agenda setting. While the caucuses can contribute to greater coordination, efficiency, and even effective policy planning, Hammond finds that they also tend to fragment the congressional system, because they serve as alternative sources of information, communication, and voting coalitions outside the formal structure of Congress. In fact, caucuses have survived recent attempts at elimination by doing away with legislative service organizations.
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1 CONGRESSIONAL CAUCUSES AND CONGRESSIONAL
3 WHY CAUCUSES ARE ESTABLISHED
4 THE LIFE CYCLE OF CAUCUSES
6 CAUCUSES AND THE NATIONAL AGENDA
7 CAUCUSES AND PARTY LEADERS
8 WORKING WITH THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH
9 WORKING WITH CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES
10 CAUCUSES AND CONGRESSIONAL FLOOR ACTION
11 THE 104TH CONGRESS AND BEYOND