Compact, Contract, Covenant: Aboriginal Treaty-making in Canada

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University of Toronto Press, Jan 1, 2009 - History - 379 pages
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One of Canada's longest unresolved issues is the historical and present-day failure of the country's governments to recognize treaties made between Aboriginal peoples and the Crown. Compact, Contract, Covenant is renowned historian of Native-newcomer relations J.R. Miller's exploration and explanation of more than four centuries of treaty-making. The first historical account of treaty-making in Canada, Miller untangles the complicated threads of treaties, pacts, and arrangements with the Hudson's Bay Company and the Crown, as well as modern treaties to provide a remarkably clear and comprehensive overview of this little-understood and vitally important relationship.

Covering everything from pre-contact Aboriginal treaties to contemporary agreements in Nunavut and recent treaties negotiated under the British Columbia Treaty Process, Miller emphasizes both Native and non-Native motivations in negotiating, the impact of treaties on the peoples involved, and the lessons that are relevant to Native-newcomer relations today. Accessible and informative, Compact, Contract, Covenant is a much-needed history of the evolution of treaty-making and will be required reading for decades to come.

 

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Contents

First Nations of Northeast Woodlands
6
The Iroquois and Their Neighbours
29
The Royal Proclamation and the Upper Canadian Treaties
66
Upper Canadian Treaties to 1812
80
Upper Canadian Treaties 18181850
96
Upper Canadian Treaties 18501862
111
Prelude to the Western Treaties
123
The Southern Numbered Treaties 18711877
150
Williams Treaties 1923
226
Treaties and Comprehensive Claims 19752008
250
Nisgaa Treaty
252
James Bay and Northern Quebec
261
Notes
311
Bibliography
347
Illustration Credits
361
Agreement Boundaries 258
373

The Northern Numbered Treaties 18991921
187
The Hiatus in TreatyMaking 19231975
222

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About the author (2009)

J.R. Miller is a Canada Research Chair and professor in the Department of History at the University of Saskatchewan.

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