Carbonate Reservoir Characterization

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, 1999 - Technology & Engineering - 226 pages
2 Reviews
One main target in petroleum recovery is the description of of the three-dimensional distribution of petrophysical properties on the interwell scale in carbonate reservoirs, in order to improve performance predictions by means of fluid-flow computer simulations The book focuses on the improvement of geological, petrophysical, and geostatistical methods, describes the basic petrophysical properties, important geology parameters, and rock fabrics from cores, and discusses their spatial distribution. A closing chapter deals with reservoir models as an input into flow simulators.
 

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Contents

Petrophysical Rock Properties
1
13 Permeability
4
14 Capillary Properties and Fluid Distribution
8
15 Relative Permeability
16
16 Summary
21
RockFabric Petrophysical Parameters and Classification
23
22 Pore Space Terminology and Classification
24
23 RockFabricPetrophysical Classification
27
533 Mississippian Chester Oolite Oklahoma USA
124
534 Upper Devonian Reef Buildups Alberta Canada
127
535 Moldic Grainstone Permian Guadalupe Mountains USA
130
References
131
Diagenetic Overprinting and RockFabric Distribution The DolomitizationEvaporiteMineralization Environment
135
62 DolomitizationEvaporite Mineralization
136
621 Dolomitization
137
6211 Calcitization of Dolomite
143

232 Classification of Vuggy Pore Space
30
24 RockFabricPetrophysical Relationships
32
2412 Dolomite Rock Fabrics
35
2413 Limestone and Dolomite Comparison
38
2414 Unusual Types of Interpartide Porosity
42
243 RockFabricPetrophysical Classes
48
244 Petrophysics of SeparateVug Pore Space
49
245 Petrophysics of TouchingVug Pore Space
53
References
56
RockFabricPetrophysical Properties from Core Description and Wireline Logs The OneDimensional Approach
59
32 Core Description
60
33 Core Analysis
61
341 Procedures for CoreLog Calibration
62
343 Borehole Environment
64
345 Acoustic Logs Interparticle Porosity and Vuggy Porosity
68
346 ResistivityInduction Logs and Rock Fabrics
72
347 Formation Imaging Logs and Vuggy Pore Space
75
348 Permeability from Wireline Logs the Rock Fabric Method
77
35 Summary
78
References
80
Origin and Distribution of Depositional Textures and Petrophysical Properties The ThreeDimensional Approach
81
42 Textures Mineralogy and Petrophysical Properties of Carbonate Sediments
82
43 Spatial Distribution of Textures and Petrophysical Properties
88
431 HighFrequency Cycles and Fades Progression
89
432 HighFrequency Sequence
96
44 Example
100
45 Summary
104
References
106
Diagenetic Overprinting and Rock Fabric Distribution The Cementation Compaction and Selective Dissolution Environment
109
52 CementationCompactionSelective Dissolution
111
521 Calcium Carbonate Cementation
112
522 Compaction
115
523 Selective Dissolution
117
524 Effects on Petrophysical Properties Distribution
118
53 Reservoir Examples
121
532 Tubarao Cretaceous Field Offshore Brazil
122
6221 Caldtization of AnhydriteGypsum
146
63 Reservoir Examples
150
633 Flanagan Upper Clear Fork Field Gaines County West Texas
153
References
154
Diagenetic Overprinting and RockFabric Distribution The Massive Dissolution Collapse and Fracturing Environment
157
72 Massive Dissolution Collapse and Fracturing
159
721 Effects on Petrophysical Properties Distribution
163
73 Reservoir Examples
164
731 San Andres Fields West Texas
165
732 Elk Basin Field WyomingMontana
168
733 Ellenburger Fields West Texas
170
734 Northern Michigan Silurian Reef Fields Michigan
175
Reservoir Models for Input into Flow Simulators
177
82 Geostatistical Methods
179
8221 Variography
180
8222 Conditional Simulation
182
84 RockFabric Reservoir Models
188
841 Lawyer Canyon Reservoir Analog Study
190
8412 Fluid Flow Experiments
193
85 Reservoir Model Construction using the RockFabric Facies Method
194
851 Construction of RockFabric Layers
196
Seminole San Andres Unit Gaines CountyTexas
200
862 Seminole Field and Geological Setting
201
863 RockFabricPetrophysical Relationships
202
864 Vertical Succession of Rock Fabrics and Depositional Textures from Core
207
865 Sequence Stratigraphy
211
8662 Porosity
212
8665 Particle Size and Sorting
213
8666 Permeability
214
867 Reservoir Model Construction
215
8671 RockFabric Flow Units
216
8672 Reservoir Model
217
868 Simulation Results
219
References
221
Subject Index
223
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Page 221 - The University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology, final report prepared for the...
Page 221 - Galloway WE, Ewing TE, Garrett CM, Tyler N, Bebout DG (1983) Atlas of major Texas oil reservoirs. The University of Texas at Austin, Bureau of Economic Geology, 1 39 pp George CJ, Stiles LH ( 1 978) Improved techniques for evaluating carbonate waterfloods in West Texas.

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