Canadian Newspaper Ownership in the Era of Convergence: Rediscovering Social Responsibility
Questions related to ownership of Canadian newspapers have been a part of public policy debate at least since 1970, when the Davey Committee released its report. This book examines the ownership debate in both its empirical and normative aspects. The key question is how much control over newspaper content should be in the hands of their owners, given the need for diversity of information in the exercise of democratic governance? The book begins by introducing the concept of social responsibility, first brought to prominence in the 1947 Report of the Commission on Freedom of the Press in United States, and examines the unsuccessful Canadian history of attempts to introduce regulations into the newspaper industry. Case studies of conventional newspaper chains (acquisitions by Conrad Black's Hollinger companies in the mid 1990s) and of convergence strategies as practiced by the Aspers' CanWest Global comprise the empirical base for evaluating ownership effects on newspaper content. The conclusion makes the argument that against the history of past failures of governments to enact regulations limiting ownership, the concept of social responsibility of the media needs to be re-examined. It implies a recognition on the part of owners of the unique character of mass communication in democratic societies and, in light of the potential for abuse inherent in convergence (using and re-using the same material across different media platforms), a need for editorial autonomy of their media properties.
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One Failed Attempts at Regulation of Newspaper Ownership
Two Chain Ownership
Three The Impact of Conrad Blacks Ownership on Thomson
Four An Assessment of Conrad Blacks Ownership
Five Media Convergence and CanWest Global
Six CanWest Globals National Editorial Policy
advertising appeared Armadale Aspers attention Black's ownership Canada Canadian media Canadian newspapers CanWest Global CanWest News Service chain ownership Chretien communication Conrad Black control paper convergence corporate Coverage and evaluation critical daily newspapers Davey Committee decline democratic Edmonton Journal ex-Armadale papers ex-Southam papers ex-Thomson papers Financial Post free trade freedom Globe and Mail Hollinger Inc Hollinger International Hollinger ownership hypothesis impact increased Internet issues journalists June Kent Commission Leonard Asper letters Liberal libertarian Lord Black mass media media owners media ownership national editorial policy National Post newspaper content newspaper industry newspaper owners newspaper ownership opinion Ottawa Citizen ownership concentration Papers Control positive post-acquisition differences significant provincial publisher Quebecois regulation reported respect Romanow and Soderlund Russell Mills Southam newspapers statistically significant Table television Thomson tion Toronto Star types of content views Wagenberg West Global Windsor Star Winnipeg Free Press