Axis Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation, Analysis of Government, Proposals for Redress

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The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2014 - History - 674 pages
From our Foundations of the Laws of War Series, the book that introduced and defined the concept of genocide. Introduction to the Second Edition by William A. Schabas. Introduction to the First Edition by Samantha Power. Originally published: Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Division of International Law, 1944. xxiii (vii-xxiii new introductions), xxxviii, 674 pp. In this path-breaking study Polish emigre Raphael Lemkin [1900-1959] coined the term "genocide" and defined it as a subject of international law. While the term has come to mean the extermination of a people, Lemkin used it to describe all programs that sought to increase the "Aryan" birthrate while working to exterminate the social, cultural and economic independence of non-Germanic peoples. This study was an elaboration of ideas he first proposed in 1933 in his address to the Fifth International Conference for the Unification of Penal Law (1933), which argued that attacks on racial, religious and ethnic groups should be considered international crimes. Important for the prosecution of the Nazis, this pioneering work helped to establish the framework for all subsequent efforts to punish crimes against humanity.

"In 1933 a government arose in Germany whose policy was directed not towards the murder of individuals only but of a whole civilization. The decrees of this government together with those of Fascist Italy and those of the puppet regimes of the Axis Powers, in relation to the various countries which they occupied, have been collected with great care by Dr. Lemkin and are on record for all time. The work has been splendidly done. (...) This book is one which will be of enduring value to jurists, historians, students of politics, and practical men." --British Yearbook of International Law 22 (1945) 313-314.

 

Contents

FOREWORD
3
Local Administration
10
Police as Colonizers
21
Departures from
27
COURTS
32
FINANCE
50
LABOR
67
THE LEGAL STATUS OF THE JEWS
75
LuxemburgContinued
395
ITALIAN ZONE
402
34
406
GREECE
412
LUXEMBURG
419
Economy
429
Labor
436
MEMEL TERRITORY
444

GENOCIDE
79
Recommendations for the Future
90
ALBANIA
99
AUSTRIA
108
BALTIC STATES LITHUANIA LATVIA ESTONIA
117
BELGIUM
125
BelgiumContinued
126
The Highland Territories
146
DANZIG
154
ENGLISH CHANNEL ISLANDS
169
GREECE
185
The Area of the Greek Puppet Government
191
MEMEL TERRITORY
198
NORWAY
208
partment of Justice
219
UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS Partially under
232
YUGOSLAVIA
241
ALBANIA
267
Administration
273
Italian Economic Control
279
BALTIC STATES LITHUANIA LATVIA ESTONIA
300
Decree on the Reorganization of Handicrafts Small Industry and the Retail
308
Act concerning the Representation of the German Nationals Resident in
315
Property
321
Finance
329
Reparations
338
An Act concerning the Representation in the Reichstag of Greater Germany
346
Establishment of the State
352
Political Parties
355
THE HIGHLAND TERRITORIES AND SUBCARPATHIA
361
Administration
370
DENMARK
377
Law No 415 amending Law No 337 of June 25 1940 concerning Importation
379
FRANCE
385
August 10 1940
391
NETHERLANDS
446
Order of the Reich Commissioner for the Occupied Netherlands Territories
448
Eighth Order of the Reich Commissioner for the Occupied Netherlands Terri
460
First Order of the Reich Commissioner for the Occupied Netherlands Terri
466
Decree of the Führer concerning the Grant of Pardons in the Occupied Nether
472
Property
478
www
481
43
487
50
494
to Insure Labor Peace May 19 1941
496
POLAND
506
Property
511
Economy and Finance
521
56
531
Economy
535
Order concerning the Establishment of the Budget of the Government General
541
58
562
BESSARABIA AND BUKOVINA
563
YUGOSLAVIA
569
Finance
577
First Implementary Order to the Order concerning Money and Credit Institu
583
MONTENEGRO Italian Occupation
589
Order concerning the Operation of Theaters May 20 1941
595
Economy and Finance
599
59
603
CROATIA
606
Law and Courts
613
Property
620
61
624
Kossovo Dibrano and Struga Albanian Occupation
627
71
630
MACEDONIA Morava SkoplJE AND BITOLIA REGIONS Bulgarian Occu
633
LIST OF WORKS CITED
641
INDEX
653
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