First published in 1964, Ruth Harrison's book Animal Machines had a profound and lasting impact on world agriculture, public opinion and the quality of life of millions of farmed animals.
Concerned with welfare standards at a time when animal production was increasing in scale and mechanization, Ruth Harrison set about investigating the situation in a fair and even-handed way. Reporting her findings in this book, Harrison alerted the public to the undeniable suffering of calves living in veal crates and birds in battery cages.
Written at the beginning of the intensive farming movement, which promised progress but in reality worsened conditions for domesticated animals, Animal Machines provides a fascinating insight into the system we are living with today and must continue with as the global population increases.
Harrison's work brought about legal reforms, a greater understanding of farm conditions for animals and increased public awareness. Animal Machines is reprinted here in its entirety, accompanied by new chapters by world-renowned experts in animal welfare discussing the legacy and impact of Animal Machines 50 years on.
3 Animal Machines Prophecy and Philosophy
4 Ruth Harrison A Tribute
5 Ruth Harrisons Later Writings and Animal Welfare Work
Foreword to 1964 Edition
IV Battery Birds
V Veal Calves
VI Other Intensive Units
VII The Basis of Quality
VIII Quantity Versus Quality
IX Cruelty and Legislation
allowed anaemia Animal Health Trust Animal Machines Ruth animal welfare Animals Act antibiotics battery cages beef calves birds Brambell breeding British Veterinary Association broiler broiler chickens broiler house calf calf’s cancer carcases cattle cause cent chemical chicks cloven-hoofed cost crates cruelty darkness deficiency develop diet disease drugs Dutch economic ethic factory farming farm animal welfare Farmer and Stockbreeder Farming Express feed flesh flocks floor fowl pest free range hormones human Husbandry increase industry insecticides intensive rearing iron keep lives livestock Machines Ruth Harrison meat methods milk substitute Ministry of Agriculture normal nutritional oestrogens packing stations pens Photograph pigs Poultry World produced profit Protection of Animals protein pullets Rachel Carson reported Rowett Research Institute slats slaughter stilbestrol straw stunner suffering tethered units veal calves veterinary surgeon vitamin vitamin B12 weeks yolk