Anatomy of Flowering Plants: An Introduction to Structure and Development
In the 2007 third edition of her successful textbook, Paula Rudall provides a comprehensive yet succinct introduction to the anatomy of flowering plants. Thoroughly revised and updated throughout, the book covers all aspects of comparative plant structure and development, arranged in a series of chapters on the stem, root, leaf, flower, seed and fruit. Internal structures are described using magnification aids from the simple hand-lens to the electron microscope. Numerous references to recent topical literature are included, and new illustrations reflect a wide range of flowering plant species. The phylogenetic context of plant names has also been updated as a result of improved understanding of the relationships among flowering plants. This clearly written text is ideal for students studying a wide range of courses in botany and plant science, and is also an excellent resource for professional and amateur horticulturists.
Haustoria of parasitic angiosperms 55
Leaf epidermis 65
Seed and fruit
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abaxial adaxial adjacent Adventitious roots angiosperms anther apical meristem axial branch bundle sheath carpels cell divisions cell wall central chalazal consists cortex cuticle cytoplasm derived develop differentiated elongated embryo sac endodermis endosperm epidermal cells epidermis eudicots example fibres Figure floral flower glandular grasses ground tissue guard cells haustorium idioblasts initials integument Lamiaceae lateral root laticifers leaves lignified magnoliids mature meristematic meristemoid mesophyll micropylar monocots nectaries nucellus nuclei occur organs outer ovary ovule parenchyma parenchyma cells pericycle periderm petal petiole plant Poaceae pollen grains pollen tubes primary radial region root apical root cap Scale ¼ 100 sclereids sclerenchyma secondary thickening meristem secondary xylem secretory seed coat shoot apex sieve elements sometimes species e.g. species possess stamens starch stomata structure subsidiary cells termed transverse section trichomes types typically uniseriate vascular bundles vascular cambium vascular cylinder vascular tissue vasculature veins venation vessel elements wood woody xylem and phloem