Against Rousseau: On the State of Nature and On the Sovereignty of the People

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McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP, 01/06/1996 - 204 páginas
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On the State of Nature and On the Sovereignty of the People are Maistre's most comprehensive treatment of Rousseau's ideas and his most sustained critique of the ideological foundations of the revolution. On the State of Nature, a detailed critique of Rousseau's Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality, focuses on Rousseau's belief in the natural goodness of man; On the Sovereignty of the People, a critique of Social Contract, explores Rousseau's theory of popular sovereignty. In Maistre's eyes Rousseau encouraged the socially destructive individualism that lay at the heart of the French Revolution. However, the essays reveal some surprising ambiguities in the relationship between two seminal thinkers who are usually thought of as polar opposites, suggesting that Maistre's vision was more akin to Rousseau's than he would have admitted. Against Rousseau offers valuable insights into the evolution of Maistre's counter-revolutionary ideas during the crucial years of 1792-97 and illustrates his remarkable insights into society and politics. It is vital to any consideration of his thought or the counter-revolutionary movement in eighteenth-century France.
 

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Índice

Man Is Sociable in His Essence
3
Man Born Evil in a Part of His Essence
34
On the Sovereignty of the People
45
Of Sovereignty in General
53
Examination of Some of Rousseaus Ideas
60
Of Founders and the Political Constitution
66
The Weakness of Human Power
75
Continuation of the Same Subject
83
Necessary Elucidation
109
BOOK TWO ON THE NATURE OF SOVEREIGNTY
113
On the Nature of Sovereignty in General
115
Of Monarchy
119
Of Aristocracy
135
Of Democracy
142
Of the Best Kind of Sovereignty
156
Continuation of the Same Subject
159

Of the National Soul
87
Application of the Preceding Principles to a Particular Case
90
Continuation of the Same Subject
102
Summary of Rousseaus Judgements on Different Forms of Governments
173
Index
195
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Acerca do autor (1996)

Richard A. Lebrun is professor of history, St Paul's College, University of Manitoba.

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