A Language of Our Own: The Genesis of Michif, the Mixed Cree-French Language of the Canadian Métis
The Michif language -- spoken by descendants of French Canadian fur traders and Cree Indians in western Canada -- is considered an "impossible language" since it uses French for nouns and Cree for verbs, and comprises two different sets of grammatical rules. Bakker uses historical research and fieldwork data to present the first detailed analysis of this language and how it came into being.
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2 EuropeanAmerindian Contact in the Fur Trade
Origin and Culture
4 Grammatical Sketch of Michif
5 Variation in Michif
Types and Origin
8 The Intertwining of French and Cree
French Cree and Ojibwe
10 The Genesis of Michif
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adjectives adverbs Aleut Algonquian languages Assiniboine bilingual borrowing Camperville Canada Canadian French Chapter Chipewyan Chippewa code mixing component of Michif consonants Cree affixes Cree and French Cree component Cree dialects Cree nouns Cree verbs derived discussed English ethnic group European example forms François French and Cree French Canadians French component French nouns French verbs French words French-Cree fur trade gender Giraud grammatical system guage Ile-a-la-Crosse inanimate Indian inflectional Lac La Biche Lake language intertwining lexical lexicon lingua franca linguistic Manitoba marker Media Lengua Métis Métis French Michif language Michif speakers mixed language mixture of Cree mixture of French Montagnais morphemes morphology Native nominal North noun phrase obviative Ojibwe percent phonological pidgin Plains Cree plural polysynthetic languages prairies prefixes prepositions pronouns Qu’Appelle Quechua Red River settlement Romani Saint Lazare Saskatchewan Saulteaux source languages speak French stems suffix Turtle Mountain vowels whereas Wolfart women
Page 295 - HOWSE. — A GRAMMAR OF THE CREE LANGUAGE. With which is combined an analysis of the Chippeway Dialect. By Joseph Howse, FRGS 8vo, pp.