A House of Many Mansions: The History of Lebanon Reconsidered
Today Lebanon is one of the world's most divided countries - if it remains a country at all. But paradoxically the faction-ridden Lebanese, both Christians and Muslims, have never shown a keener consciousness of common identity. How can this be?
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How it all began
The confidence game
Rose among the thorns
The Maronite record
The imagined principality
The mountain refuge
Ottoman Lebanon how unique?
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actually Aleppo Antioch Arab history Arab nationalism Arab nationalist Arab world Arabia Barquq became began Beirut Bilad British Bsharri Bsharri district Buhtur Buhturids Byzantine Cairo called Chiha Christian Arabs Christian Lebanese coastal confessional continued Crusaders Damascus district Druze Druze country Duwayhi dynasty Egypt established European Eyalet Fatimid Faysal French mandate Gharb Greater Lebanon Greek Catholic Greek Orthodox historians history of Lebanon Husayn Ibn al-Qilai Imams Iraq Ismaili Jabal Amil Jabal Lubnan Jumblat kaymakamate Khazins Kisrawan Lammens Lebanese history Lebanese Republic Lebanism Mamluk Mardaites Maronite church Maronite patriarch Melchites modern Moreover Mount Lebanon muqaddams Muslim Muslim Arabs nineteenth century northern Lebanon originally Orontes Ottoman empire Palestine Pasha Persian Phoenician political region religious remained Roman rule Sanjak sects secular sheikhs Shihab emirs Shuf mountains Sidon social sultan Sunnite Sunnite Muslims Syria Syrian interior territory traditional tribal tribes Tripoli Turkish Twelver Shiites Umayyad Vilayet villages Western
Page 3 - From the Muslim side, there has been an insistence that whatever history Lebanon can claim for itself is in reality part of a broader Arab history. Yet the notion of what really constitutes Arab history remains confused by the fundamental historical association between Arabism and Islam.
Page 3 - Disgraced and abandoned by the world, it is possible that the Lebanese are finally beginning to discover themselves. There is a noticeable consensus among all but the more committed extremists today that all are Lebanese, sharing the same national identity, regardless of other, secondary, group affiliations and loyalties.
Page 2 - Muslims with pan-Arabism, continued during the years that followed, breaking out into open conflict again over yet another crucial issue: the refusal or acceptance of the free right of the Palestinian revolution to operate in Lebanon and from Lebanon, as a state within the state. Compounded by a host of other thorny issues, it was this last conflict that ultimately led to the outbreak of the civil war in the country — a war which continues today.