was the first intimation I had of our troops coming. We could plainly hear the firing. We could easily recognize the cannon. The fight began at seven in the morning, and lasted until ten. We could not see any of it, but could hear it. At ten, the police finding they were not strong enough, retreated, and the Indians then fell back into the bush where we were, and from thence back again farther into the bush, all of us having to accompany them. The Breeds at this time were trying to escape, but could not do so, as they were watched too closely. From Thursday Big Bear's men retreated in different bands, and the prisoners got more or less separated, some going with one band, some with another. Mrs. Gowanlock and I were fortunate in yet being left with Pritchard, although we were all still with Big Bear. Mr. and Mrs. McLean and Mr. and Mrs. Mann and their families were still with Big Bear. We kept on moving from Thursday until Monday, each day from early morning till late at night, but I had never to walk, nor had Mrs. Gowanlock. On Sunday night the Indians saw scouts, who they supposed belonged to the police, and they became greatly excited, and in the excitement and heavy fog of Monday morning we got away. Our party that escaped consisted of Mrs. Gowanlock, myself, and five Half-breed families, including John Pritchard and Andre Nowe, the latter of whom had taken the place of Adolphus Nolan, who, on the pretence of acting as scout for the Indians.managed to escape to Prince Albert in the hopes of getting help and assistance. We escaped in carts, and the first day did not go more than two or three miles. We went backwards and forwards through the bush, so as to avoid our trail being discovered, and the next day continued our escape, the men cutting roads through the bush, so as to get along with all our outfit. We travelled on until Wednesday night, tending towards Battleford, and on that night we were overtaken by the police scouts, who had got on to our trail and followed it. They thought our position was not a secure one, and they made us strike camp and go on to a safer place, farther away, about two miles or thereabouts. Here we camped for the night, the scouts remaining with us all the time. On Thursday morning we moved on, reaching Pitt on Friday about ten in the morning, where we were met by Col. Straubenzie and Col. Williams. All came forward to meet us, and at once we were taken on board the North-West, where we remained all Saturday and until Sunday morning, when we were transferred to the Baroness and reached Battleford Sunday night. We spent some time visiting friends at Regina and Winnipeg, where we were treated very kindly and assisted to make our journey home. Had a pleasant but uneventful trip home, reaching Toronto on July 13th. I desire to express my thanks to Almighty God that He sent with us throughout, such a kind and considerate protector as John Pritchard, and the other Breeds who were with him. There is no telling what abuse we might have been subjected to but for their presence. Frequent attempts were made to reach us by the Indians, but the Half-breeds watched night after night, armed and ready to keep off any attempt to illtreat us. Four different nights Indians approached our tents, but the determination of our protectors saved us. Terrible as it all was, however, I am grateful that I came through unmolested, and am permitted to return to my home once again unharmed in body and mind" Mrs. Gowanlock's story is as follows :— "My name is Mary Theresa Gowanlock. My father and mother are both living. They reside in Ontario, near St. Catharines, where they farm. My husband's name in full was John Alexander Gowanlock. He came from Parkdale. We were married on the 1st of October, 1884, and arrived in Battleford on the 22nd of the same month, going on to Fort Pitt in the December following. From there we went to Frog Lake, where my husband began business as a miller. He had partly erected a grist and saw mill when the rebellion broke out. We knew nothing of the uprising until we got a letter from Mr. Quinn telling us to come to his place, and to go with the others to Fort Pitt, as it was feared Big Bear's Indians would break out, and commit massacres and outrages. We at once left our home, and reached Mrs. Delaney's house, when we were told there was nothing to be feared. We reached Mrs. Delaney's house on Tuesday, and on Thursday morning her house was surrounded! I have heard Mrs. Delaney's experience given to you, and I cannot think of anything differing from what she states."

CHAPTER XXVIIL

MARTIAL ARDOUR IN MARITIME PROVINCES—RETURN OF THE TROOPS.

THE support rendered the loyal cause in this lamentable struggle, though coming mainly from Ontario and Manitoba, as being nearest the seat of trouble, was more or less drawn from nearly every quarter of the Dominion. Quebec contributed the 65th of Montreal, besides "A" Battery from the City of Quebec, while Nova Scotia sent the 66th, which, though not called upon to pass under fire, performed those duties which are infinitely more trying to the discipline of volunteers in a manner which left io room for a doubt as to their soldierly qualities.

New Brunswick too, answered promptly to the call when it was made upon her; but her gallant sons had not reached the field ere the causes which had rendered necessary the calling out of more troops had ceased to exist, and though they had shown a most commendable alacrity in responding to an appeal to their bravery and loyalty, they had not the satisfaction of sharing iu the dangers and glories of the battle-field. On the 11th of May they were receiving orders for the front, while on that very day Hiddleton was dealing a crushing blow to the rebel cause at Batoche.

The Halifax Provisional Battalion, under command of Lieut.-Colonel James J. Bremner, consisting of 168 noncommissioned officers and men of the GGth Battalion "Princess Louise Fusiliers," 100 of the 63rd Battalion Rifles, and 84 of the Halifax Garrison Artillery, with 32 officers, left Halifax under orders for the North-West on Saturday, 11th April, 1885.

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Irooably never before in the history of Halifax has such excitement been witnessed as on the morning of the battalion leaving, the streets on the line of march and the space in the neighbourhood of the station of the I. C. R. being closely packed with a dense mass of enthusiastic but anxious citizens.

On the previous afternoon four guns from the citadel had given notice that orders had been received for the battalion to proceed to the seat of disturbance. In an incredibly short space of time the battalion mustered at the drill shed with full ranks, when after being inspected the men were dismissed to their homes with orders to assemble early next morning ready to march. At the hour appointed not a man was absent, and many of the men who had not been selected to go were there ready

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in hope that some chance might make it possible for them to go with their comrades.

The journey north of Lake Superior was very trying. The men when in the cars were exposed to rain and cold day and night, with no shelter or means of drying their clothing; and when marching on the ice the water was in many places up to their knees.

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