CHAP. VI.

Fowl, Fish, and ReptilesThe ForestsThe Beaver— Birds The commonHouse-FlyCattle Crosses on the High RoadsTown of Three RiversMontrealLa RhineIndian Village Roman Catholic FuneralsBoundary between Canada and the United StatesIsle of NoixLakes George and ChamplainNorth and South HeroAlbany—New York.

The Canadian habitations consist of only one story, or ground-floor, generally divided into four rooms: the garret, or loft over them, is formed by the sloping roof. The chimney is in the centre of the house, and the room that contains the fire-place, is the kitchen; the rest are bed-rooms, some of which contain two, but none less than one bed. In winter, however, some of the men lie down to sleep upon the hearth; or by the stove, wrapped in a buffalo skin; they get up sometimes, and stir the fire, and then lie down again till morning. The furniture of these houses is often the workmanship of the owners. A few wooden chairs, with twig or rush bottoms, and two or three deal tables, are placed in each room; the latter, at meal-times, contain a number of wooden bowls, spoons, and trenchers. A press, and two or three large chests, contain their wearingapparel; and a buffet in one corner, displays their sparing number of cups, saucers, and glasses; some of the broken sets being placed upon the mantelpiece. The best apartment often contains a large clock, and the sides of this apartment are ornamented with little pictures of the Holy Virgin and her Sou, or waxen images of saints, &c. The kitchen exhibits very little more than kettles of soup, tureens of milk,

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a table, a dresser, and a few chairs. The spacious fire-place contains old-fashioned iron dogs, upon which large logs of wood are occasionally placed; and over these is a large wooden crane, which supports the large soup kettle, for ever on the fire.

During Lent, these people live upon fish and vegetables; but they are so fond of thick sour milk, that they often take a dish of it after meals. Tea and coffee is considered as a treat among these simple people, rather than a constant beverage, milk-andwater being the usual drink of the females, and the younger part of the family. The bread here, made of wheat and rye, is coarse and heavy, and, for want of yeast, has a sour taste: the ovens are generally built of wicker-work, thickly plastered inside and out with clay, or mortar, and placed a little distance from the house, to prevent accidents from fire. To preserve these ovens from the rain, they have a roof of boards, and they are raised about four feet from the ground.

The dress of these people consists of a long-skirted cloth coat or frock, of a dark gray, with a hood attached to it, which, in cases of necessity, he puts up. A worsted sash encloses his waist; this is of various colours, and is sometimes ornamented with beads: the rest of his body-clothing is of the same stuff, and a pair of mocassins, or swamp-boots, complete the lower part of his dress. The hair is tied in a thick long queue with an eel-skin, and a few straggling hairs are all that are left for the sides of his face. A red or blue nijrlit-cap is always worn in cold weather, and a short pipe is in the mouth of the French Canadian from morning till night. The dress of the women is equally as far from the modern taste as that of the men. {See Plate.) Many of the former only wear cloth of theirown manufacture; but though a petticoat and jacket is the most prevailing dress, some of them frequently decorate themselves in the most modisli ha4 biliments they can procure. (See Plate.) Long waists, full caps, and large clubs of hair behind, are generally adhered to by the elderly women. The young women are prolific, and the manners of both sexes are easy and polite ; their behaviour to strangers, Mr. Lambert observes, is never influenced by the cut of a coat, or a fine periwig, but civil and respectful to all without distinction. As a proof of the good terms with which they live with one another, parents and children frequently reside together to the third generation, and the farm is divided as long as there is an acre left for that purpose. The modesty of the women arises from natural causes; but the men never bathe in the river without their trowsers, or a handkerchief tied round the waist. This civility is carried so far, that these people have been seen bowing and scraping to each other in the streets of Canada. In fact, a Canadian will take oif his cap to every person, indifferently, upon the road; and intoxication, which is by no means common, is the only cause of the few quarrels that happen among them.

Fond of dancing and festivity, at particular seasons, when their long fast in Lent is concluded, they have their jours gras; when every production of the farm is presented for the gratification of their appetites: as, immense turkey pies; huge joints of pork, beef, and mutton; spacious tureens of soup, or thick milk; besides fish, fowl, and a plentiful supply of fruit pies. Perhaps fifty or a hundred sit down to dinner, which no sooner terminates, than the violin strikes up, and the dances commence.

The birds of Canada are, eagles, vultures, hawks, falcons, kites, owls, &c.; and among these, as the shrew-mouse is the smallest in the class of animals, so the humming-bird is the smallest and most curious among birds. What is called the yellow bird, is said to resemble the canary, though they often build Mid breed in gardens.

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